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U+4E1E, 丞
CJK UNIFIED IDEOGRAPH-4E1E

[U+4E1D]
CJK Unified Ideographs
[U+4E1F]
See also:

Translingual[edit]

Han character[edit]

(radical 1 +5, 6 strokes, cangjie input 弓水一 (NEM) or X弓水一 (XNEM), four-corner 17103, composition)

References[edit]

  • KangXi: page 78, character 5
  • Dai Kanwa Jiten: character 40
  • Dae Jaweon: page 157, character 1
  • Hanyu Da Zidian: volume 1, page 19, character 8
  • Unihan data for U+4E1E

Chinese[edit]

simp. and trad.

Glyph origin[edit]

Historical forms of the character
Oracle bone script Large seal script Small seal script
丞-oracle.svg 丞-bigseal.svg 丞-seal.svg




References:

Mostly from Richard Sears' Chinese Etymology site (authorisation),
which in turn draws data from various collections of ancient forms of Chinese characters, including:

  • Shuowen Jiezi (small seal),
  • Jinwen Bian (bronze inscriptions),
  • Liushutong (large seal) and
  • Xu Jiaguwen Bian (oracle bone script).
Characters in the same phonetic series () (Zhengzhang, 2003) 
Old Chinese
*kljɯŋ
*kljɯŋ, *kljɯŋs
*klɯŋ
*kljɯŋ
*kljɯŋʔ
*kljɯŋʔ
*ɡljɯŋ
*ɡljɯŋ, *ɡljɯŋs
*klɯnʔ

Pronunciation[edit]



Rime
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
Initial () (25) (25)
Final () (133) (133)
Tone (調) Level (Ø) Departing (H)
Openness (開合) Open Open
Division () III III
Fanqie
Reconstructions
Zhengzhang
Shangfang
/d͡ʑɨŋ/ /d͡ʑɨŋH/
Pan
Wuyun
/d͡ʑɨŋ/ /d͡ʑɨŋH/
Shao
Rongfen
/d͡ʑieŋ/ /d͡ʑieŋH/
Edwin
Pulleyblank
/d͡ʑiŋ/ /d͡ʑiŋH/
Li
Rong
/ʑiəŋ/ /ʑiəŋH/
Wang
Li
/ʑĭəŋ/ /ʑĭəŋH/
Bernard
Karlgren
/ʑi̯əŋ/ /ʑi̯əŋH/
Expected
Mandarin
Reflex
chéng shèng
Baxter-Sagart system 1.1 (2014)
Character
Reading # 1/1
Modern
Beijing
(Pinyin)
chéng
Middle
Chinese
‹ dzying ›
Old
Chinese
/*m-təŋ/
English assist

Notes for Old Chinese notations in the Baxter-Sagart system:

* Parentheses "()" indicate uncertain presence;
* Square brackets "[]" indicate uncertain identity, e.g. *[t] as coda may in fact be *-t or *-p;
* Angle brackets "<>" indicate infix;
* Hyphen "-" indicates morpheme boundary;

* Period "." indicates syllable boundary.
Zhengzhang system (2003)
Character
Reading # 1/2 2/2
No. 1414 1415
Phonetic
component
Rime
group
Rime
subdivision
0 0
Corresponding
MC rime
Old
Chinese
/*ɡljɯŋ/ /*ɡljɯŋs/
Notes

Definitions[edit]

  1. to assist, to aid
  2. (archaic) a low-level assistant to the governor of a county

See also[edit]


Japanese[edit]

Kanji[edit]

(“Jinmeiyō” kanji used for names)

  1. to help, to rescue

Readings[edit]


Korean[edit]

Hanja[edit]

‎(seung, jeung)
Eumhun:

  • Sound (hangeul): ,  (revised: seung, jeung, McCune-Reischauer: sŭng, chŭng)
  • Name (hangeul): 정승, 나아갈 (revised: jeongseung, naagal, McCune-Reischauer: chǒngsǔng, naagal)
  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]


Vietnamese[edit]

Han character[edit]

  1. This term needs a translation to English. Please help out and add a translation, then remove the text {{rfdef}}.

References[edit]