打つ

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Japanese[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

From Old Japanese, from Proto-Japonic *utu. Cognate with Miyako 打つぃ (utsï).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "打つ"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
打つ [úꜜtsù]
Imperative (命令形) 打て [úꜜtè]
Key constructions
Passive 打たれる たれ [ùtáréꜜrù]
Causative 打たせる たせ [ùtáséꜜrù]
Potential 打てる [ùtéꜜrù]
Volitional 打とう [ùtóꜜò]
Negative 打たない ない [ùtáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 打たなかった なかった [ùtáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 打ちます ちま [ùchímáꜜsù]
Perfective 打った った [úꜜttà]
Conjunctive 打って って [úꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 打てば てば [úꜜtèbà]

Verb[edit]

() (utsutransitive godan (stem () (uchi), past ()った (utta))

  1. to hit, to beat, to strike
    (かべ)(あたま)()ってしまった
    Kabe ni atama o utteshimatta.
    I've hit my head on the wall.
  2. (baseball) to hit
    ヒットを()
    hitto o utsu
    to make a hit
    ホームランを()
    hōmuran o utsu
    to hit a home run
  3. (computing) to type
    キーボードを()
    kībōdo o utsu
    to use a keyboard
    (ちょう)(ぶん)()
    chōbun o utsu
    to type out a long passage
    ()()()
    moji o utsu
    to type text
  4. (shogi) to drop
  5. to make noodles
    うどん()
    udon o utsu
    to make udon
    ()()うどん
    teuchi udon
    handmade udon
Conjugation[edit]
Hypernyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: 3
kun’yomi

Shift from () (utsu).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "打つ"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
打つ [búꜜtsù]
Imperative (命令形) 打て [búꜜtè]
Key constructions
Passive 打たれる たれ [bùtáréꜜrù]
Causative 打たせる たせ [bùtáséꜜrù]
Potential 打てる [bùtéꜜrù]
Volitional 打とう [bùtóꜜò]
Negative 打たない ない [bùtáꜜnàì]
Negative perfective 打たなかった なかった [bùtáꜜnàkàttà]
Formal 打ちます ちま [bùchímáꜜsù]
Perfective 打った った [búꜜttà]
Conjunctive 打って って [búꜜttè]
Hypothetical conditional 打てば てば [búꜜtèbà]

Verb[edit]

() (butsutransitive godan (stem () (buchi), past ()った (butta))

  1. to hit, to beat, to strike
  2. to give a speech
Conjugation[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN
  2. 2.0 2.1 1998, NHK日本語発音アクセント辞典 (NHK Japanese Pronunciation Accent Dictionary) (in Japanese), Tōkyō: NHK, →ISBN
  3. ^ 1974, 新明解国語辞典 (Shin Meikai Kokugo Jiten), Second Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō