schizophrenia

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English[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

First attested 1910, from New Latin, from German Schizophrenie, coined by Eugen Bleuler, from Ancient Greek σχίζω (skhízō, I tear, split, cut) + φρήν (phrḗn, mind, brain, diaphragm).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • AHD: [skĭt′səfrēnēə], [skĭt′səfrĕnēə] or [skĭzəfrēnēə]
  • (US) IPA(key): /skɪt.sə.ˈfrɛn.i.ə/
  • (UK, US) IPA(key): /ˈskɪt.sə.ˈfri.ni.ə/, /ˈskɪz.ə.ˈfri.ni.ə/
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

schizophrenia (countable and uncountable, plural schizophrenias)

  1. (pathology) A psychiatric diagnosis denoting a persistent, often chronic, mental illness variously affecting behavior, thinking, and emotion.
  2. (informal, figuratively) Any condition in which disparate or mutually exclusive activities coexist.
    • 2006, Bertus Praeg, Ethiopia and Political Renaissance in Africa (page 213)
      [] one can understand how the cultural disorientation which beset the African Continent has confused Africa's political behaviour, creating a political schizophrenia that made nation-building impossible.

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