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From Middle English scisme, from Old French cisme or scisme, from Ancient Greek σχίσμα (skhísma, division), from σχίζω (skhízō, I split). Doublet of schisma.


  • IPA(key): /ˈskɪzəm/, /ˈsɪzəm/, /ˈʃɪzəm/
  • (file)
  • (file)
  • Rhymes: -ɪzəm


English Wikipedia has articles on:

schism (plural schisms)

  1. A split or separation within a group or organization, typically caused by discord.
    • 2014 March 3, Zoe Alderton, “‘Snapewives’ and ‘Snapeism’: A Fiction-Based Religion within the Harry Potter Fandom”, in Religions[1], volume 5, number 1, MDPI, DOI:10.3390/rel5010219, pages 219-257:
      Despite personal schisms and differences in spiritual experience, there is a very coherent theology of Snape shared between the wives. To examine this manifestation of religious fandom, I will first discuss the canon scepticism and anti-Rowling sentiment that helps to contextualise the wider belief in Snape as a character who extends beyond book and film.
  2. (religion) A formal division or split within a religious body.
    The schism between Sunnis and Shias happened quite early in Islamic history.
  3. (Catholicism) a split within Christianity whereby a group no longer recognizes the Bishop of Rome as the head of the Church, but shares essentially the same beliefs with the Church of Rome. In other words, a political split without the introduction of heresy.



  • (split, division, separation): unity

Related terms[edit]


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