精神分裂病

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Chinese[edit]

to be schizophrenic
 
ailment; illness; disease; fall ill; sick; defect
simp. and trad.
(精神分裂病)
精神分裂

Pronunciation[edit]


Noun[edit]

精神分裂病

  1. (psychiatry) Alternative term for 精神分裂症 (jīngshén fēnlièzhèng, “schizophrenia”).

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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Wikipedia has an article on:
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Kanji in this term
せい
Grade: 5
しん
Grade: 3
ぶん
Grade: 2
れつ
Grade: S
びょう
Grade: 3
on'yomi

Etymology[edit]

Compound of 精神 ‎(seishin, mind, intellect; psyche) +‎ 分裂 ‎(bunretsu, split; break apart) +‎ ‎(byō, disease, sickness, illness). Coined in Japan in the Meiji period as a translation of German Schizophrenie.

The Japanese term 精神 ‎(seishin, mind) has overtones of reason or intellect in ordinary use, leading historically to some confusion regarding this diagnosis, as persons with schizophrenia do not necessarily exhibit any breakdown of intellect. The confusion ultimately led the Japanese Society of Psychiatry and Neurology to formally relabel the disease in 2002 as 統合失調症 ‎(tōgō shitchō shō, literally comprehensive disharmony/imbalance disorder).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • On'yomi
  • (Tokyo) いしんぶんれつびょう [sèéshíń búńrétsú byóó] (Heiban - [0])[1]
  • IPA(key): [se̞ːɕĩm bɯ̃ᵝnɺ̠e̞t͡sɯᵝ bjo̞ː]

Noun[edit]

精神分裂病 ‎(hiragana せいしんぶんれつびょう, romaji seishin bunretsu byō)

  1. (dated, potentially offensive) schizophrenia

Derived terms[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9