蝦蟇

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Chinese[edit]

For pronunciation and definitions of – see 蛤蟆.
(This term, 蝦蟇, is a variant form of 蛤蟆.)

Japanese[edit]

Japanese Wikipedia has an article on:
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蝦蟇 (gama, gamagaeru): a Japanese common toad.

Etymology 1[edit]

Kanji in this term
か > が
Jinmeiyō

Hyōgaiji
on'yomi

Appears to be from borrowing from Middle Chinese 蝦蟇 ‎(/ɣa ma/, toad, literally shrimp, prawn + toad).

Pronunciation[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝦蟇 ‎(hiragana がま, katakana ガマ, romaji gama)

  1. a toad
Usage notes[edit]

As with many terms that name organisms, this term is often spelled in katakana in biological contexts, as ガマ.

Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Kanji in this term
Jinmeiyō Hyōgaiji
Irregular

Appears to be a compound of ‎(gama, toad) +‎ ‎(kaeru, frog). The kaeru changes to gaeru as an instance of rendaku (連濁).. The kanji in this term are reversed as jukujikun (熟字訓) to match the Chinese spelling of the borrowed term gama (see above).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

蝦蟇 ‎(hiragana がまがえる, romaji gamagaeru, historical hiragana がまがへる)

  1. a toad

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, ISBN 4-385-13905-9