据える

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Japanese[edit]

Kanji in this term

Grade: S
kun’yomi

Etymology[edit]

From classical shimo nidan katsuyō verb 据う (suu),[1] possibly parsed as *suwu. In the Muromachi period, there also exists a classical verb 据ゆ (suyu).

Compare 座る (suwaru, sit, intransitive).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • Tokyo pitch accent of conjugated forms of "据える"
Source: Online Japanese Accent Dictionary
Stem forms
Terminal (終止形)
Attributive (連体形)
据える える [sùérú]
Imperative (命令形) 据えろ えろ [sùéró]
Key constructions
Passive 据えられる えられる [sùérárérú]
Causative 据えさせる えさせる [sùésásérú]
Potential 据えられる えられる [sùérárérú]
Volitional 据えよう えよ [sùéyóꜜò]
Negative 据えない えない [sùénáí]
Negative perfective 据えなかった えなかった [sùénáꜜkàttà]
Formal 据えます えま [sùémáꜜsù]
Perfective 据えた えた [sùétá]
Conjunctive 据えて えて [sùété]
Hypothetical conditional 据えれば えれ [sùéréꜜbà]

Verb[edit]

()える (sueru) (transitive, ichidan conjugation, stem () (sue), past ()えた (sueta), historical hiragana すゑる)

Japanese verb pair
active 据える
mediopassive 据わる
  1. (of an object) to place, set (so it cannot be moved)
  2. to lay a foundation
  3. to seat someone
  4. to settle on, focus oneself
  5. to apply moxa
  6. to (place a) seal
    Synonym: 捺印する (natsuin suru)
  7. (of birds, etc.) to perch
  8. to plant, transplant
    Synonym: 植え付ける (uetsukeru)

Conjugation[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Idioms[edit]

Proverbs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 2006, 大辞林 (Daijirin), Third Edition (in Japanese), Tōkyō: Sanseidō, →ISBN