bil

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: bił, bíl, and біль

English[edit]

Numeral[edit]

bil

  1. Abbreviation of billion.

Anagrams[edit]


Bouyei[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Tai *piːᴬ (year). Cognate with Thai ปี (bpii), Northern Thai ᨸᩦ, Lao ປີ (), ᦔᦲ (ṗii), Shan ပီ (pǐi), Tai Nüa ᥙᥤ (pi), Phake ပီ (), Ahom 𑜆𑜣 (), Zhuang bi.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil

  1. year

Czech[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

bil

  1. masculine singular past participle of bít

Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From a clipping of automobil (automobile), from French automobile (automotive).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil c (singular definite bilen, plural indefinite biler)

  1. car, automobile

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Faroese: bilur
  • Greenlandic: biili
  • Icelandic: bíll
  • Norwegian Bokmål: bil
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: bil
  • Swedish: bil

Dutch[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /bɪl/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: bil
  • Rhymes: -ɪl

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Dutch bille, often used in compounds, borrowed from Ingvaeonic/North Sea West Germanic *belle, from Proto-Germanic *balliō-, a variant of *balluz.

Noun[edit]

bil f (plural billen, diminutive billetje n)

  1. A buttock, usually used in the plural: billen, unless specified as left/right
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Ultimately from Proto-Germanic *bíþla- (axe), instrumental noun from *bītaną (to bite).[1][2]

However, compare *bilją (blade, axe), which could have influenced its development.

Noun[edit]

bil f (plural billen, diminutive billetje n)

  1. a hammer-like double-edged tool used by stonecutters and millers

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Chester Nathan Gould, "Dwarf-Names: A Study in Old Icelandic Religion", in Publications of the Modern Language Association of America, Vol 44 (1929), issue #4
  2. ^ Pokorny, Julius (1959) Indogermanisches etymologisches Wörterbuch [Indo-European Etymological Dictionary] (in German), Bern, München: Francke Verlag

Further reading[edit]


Elfdalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Presumably from Swedish bil.

Noun[edit]

bil m

  1. car, automobile

Faroese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bil, from Proto-Germanic *bilą, of uncertain origin. Compare *biliþī (likeness, evenness) and *bilōn- (to give way), *bibāną (to shiver, tremble).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil n (genitive singular bils, plural bil)

  1. A space
  2. A while, time, period

Declension[edit]

Declension of bil
n3 singular plural
indefinite definite indefinite definite
nominative bil bilið bil bilini
accusative bil bilið bil bilini
dative bili bilinum bilum bilunum
genitive bils bilsins bila bilanna

Noun[edit]

bil

  1. accusative singular of bilur

Garo[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

bil

  1. strength

Hausa[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bill.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bîl m

  1. bill, invoice

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse bil, from Proto-Germanic *bilą, of uncertain origin. Compare *biliþī (likeness, evenness) and *bilōn- (to give way), *bibāną (to shiver, tremble).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil n (genitive singular bils, nominative plural bil)

  1. space, interval
  2. period of time, moment, space
  3. (computing) space
  4. damage, wound, nick
  5. (archaic) hesitation, break (in some action, process, etc.)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Kroonen, Guus (2013) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 63-64

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Norwegian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia no

Etymology[edit]

This word originates from a Danish newspaper's contest to create a word for car. The winning proposition was "bil", a short form of automobil.[1] This word was subsequently adopted into Norwegian.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil m (definite singular bilen, indefinite plural biler, definite plural bilene)

  1. a car, automobile

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

This word originates from a Danish newspaper's contest to create a word for car. The winning proposition was "bil", a short form of automobil.[1] This word was subsequently adopted into Norwegian.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil m (definite singular bilen, indefinite plural bilar, definite plural bilane)

  1. a car, automobile
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Norse bil.

Noun[edit]

bìl n (definite singular bìlet, indefinite plural bìl, definite plural bìli)

  1. form removed with the spelling reform of 1917; superseded by bel

References[edit]


Old English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From West Germanic *billo-, from Proto-Germanic *bilją. Cognate with Old Saxon bil, Old High German bill (German Bille (pickaxe)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil n

  1. (poetic) a kind of sword or other bladed weapon, apparently having two edges
    Abrægd mid ðy bille.He brandished with his sword.
    • 10th century, Anglo-Saxon Riddles of the Exeter Book[1]:
      Ic eom anhaga iserne wund bille gebennad beadoweorca sæd ecgum werig
      I am a lonely thing, wounded with iron, smitten by sword, sated with battle-work, weary of blades.

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Danish bil.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil c

  1. a car, an automobile

Declension[edit]

Declension of bil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative bil bilen bilar bilarna
Genitive bils bilens bilars bilarnas

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tatar[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil

  1. a kind of salmon (Salmo Taimen)

Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English bill.

Noun[edit]

bil

  1. bill

Turkish[edit]

Verb[edit]

bil

  1. imperative of bilmek

Volapük[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English beer and German Bier (this deformation was changed back to the original "r" sound)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil (nominative plural bils)

  1. bile, gall (an obsolete English term for bile)
  2. (obsolete word (the "l" was changed to "r") for bir "beer") beer

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from English bill (note of charges for goods; list), from Middle English bille (document), from Anglo-Norman bille, from Old French bulle, from Medieval Latin bulla (seal; sealed document).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil m (plural biliau)

  1. bill (receipt)

Mutation[edit]

Welsh mutation
radical soft nasal aspirate
bil fil mil unchanged
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “bil”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Zou[edit]

Bil.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

bil

  1. ear

References[edit]

  • Lukram Himmat Singh (2013) A Descriptive Grammar of Zou, Canchipur: Manipur University, page 41