fil

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search
See also: fîl, fiľ, fil., -fil, and Fil-

Contents

English[edit]

Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Noun[edit]

fil (uncountable)

  1. A Nordic dairy product, similar to yoghurt, but using different bacteria which give a different taste and texture.

Anagrams[edit]


Azeri[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил
Roman fil
Perso-Arabic فیل

Etymology[edit]

Ultimately from Arabic فِيل (fīl).

Noun[edit]

fil (definite accusative fili, plural fillər)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Azeri · şahmat fiquru (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
şah vəzir top fil at piyada

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Provençal [Term?], from Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread, wire
  2. (Internet) discussion thread

Synonyms[edit]

  • (discussion thread): tema

Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

Noun[edit]

fil m

  1. thread, yarn, string

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German vīle.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiːl/, [fiːˀl]

Noun[edit]

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite file)

  1. file (tool)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowing from English file (an aggregation of data) (1962).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiːl/, [fiːˀl]

Noun[edit]

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite filer)

  1. file (computer terminology)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See file.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiːl/, [fiːˀl]

Verb[edit]

fil

  1. imperative of file

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French fil, from Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread, wire
    ne tenir qu'à un fil - to hang by a thread
  2. grain (of wood etc.)
  3. edge (of blade, razor etc.)

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (invariable)

  1. Apocopic form of filo

Judeo-Tat[edit]

Other scripts
Latin fil
Cyrillic фил (fil)
Hebrew פאִל (fil)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil

  1. elephant

Lojban[edit]

Rafsi[edit]

fil

  1. rafsi of frili.

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil f, m (definite singular fila or filen, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. A file.
  2. A hand tool used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal.
  3. A section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane.

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin fīlium, accusative singular of fīlius. The nominative form fiz, fils (whence modern French fils), derives from the Latin nominative.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (oblique plural fiz or filz, nominative singular fiz or filz, nominative plural fil)

  1. son (male child)
Descendants[edit]
  • English: Fitz (from the nominative fiz)
  • French: fils (from the nominative "fiz", later "fils")

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (oblique plural fis, nominative singular fis, nominative plural fil)

  1. thread (fine strand of material)
Descendants[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From the imperative of Proto-Celtic *wel- (see) (compare Welsh gweled). Semantic development from "see!" to "there is" is parallel to that of French voici, from vois ci "see here" and voilà, from vois là "see there".

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

·fil (conjunct), fil (relative)

  1. present progressive conjunct of at·tá
  2. third-person singular present progressive relative of at·tá

Usage notes[edit]

In the conjunct form, the logical subject appears in the accusative (or as an infixed object pronoun) in the oldest language. Examples: nícon·ḟil nach rainn (there is no part), nín·fil (we are not), condib·feil (so that you pl are).

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fil ḟil fil
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from Ottoman Turkish فیل (fil) (modern Turkish fil), from Arabic فِيل (fīl), from Middle Persian pyl (pīl), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru). Akin to fìldiš.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fȉl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̏л) or fȋl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̑л)

  1. (regional) elephant

Synonyms[edit]

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  • fil” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Abdulah Škaljić (1966), Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Svjetlost: Sarajevo, page 283
  • Речник српскохрватскога књижевног језика (1990, Друго фототипско издање), Матица српска, Matica hrvatska (Нови Сад, Zagreb), volume 6, page 668

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German vīle. Cognate with English file and German Feile.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c

  1. a file (a tool)
Declension[edit]
Declension of fil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen filar filarna
Genitive fils filens filars filarnas
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.
Particularly: “French file?”

.

Row and lane (a row of vehicles) is one etymology, but as English file suggests computer file has a different etymology. However, the Swedish computer file is sometimes explained as a row of bytes, in attempt to shoehorn this new English loanword into the etymology of the existing word.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c

  1. a row of objects; most commonly used about moving objects
  2. a section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane
  3. file (in computer technology)
Declension[edit]
Declension of fil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen filer filerna
Genitive fils filens filers filernas
Related terms[edit]
row
lane
computer file

Etymology 3[edit]

EB1911 - Volume 01 - Page 001 - 1.svg This entry lacks etymological information. If you are familiar with the origin of this term, please add it to the page per etymology instructions. You can also discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c (uncountable)

  1. any product from a family of various (deliberately) soured milk products
  2. abbreviation for filmjölk; a particular kind of fil as above
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English field.

Noun[edit]

fil

  1. sportsfield

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish فیل (fil), from Arabic فِيل (fīl), from Persian پیل (pīl) (and from alternate Ottoman Turkish پیل (pil), directly from Persian پیل (pīl)), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru), related to Egyptian ꜣbw (root of English elephant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil (definite accusative fili, plural filler)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]


Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил
Roman fil
Perso-Arabic ‍‍

Noun[edit]

fil (plural fillar)

  1. elephant

Declension[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil (plural fils)

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil

  1. soft mutation of mil