fil

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: -fil, Fil-, fil., fiľ, fíl, and fîl

Translingual[edit]

Symbol[edit]

fil

  1. (international standards) ISO 639-2 & ISO 639-3 language code for Filipino.

English[edit]

English Wikipedia has articles on:
Wikipedia

Etymology 1[edit]

Of North Germanic origin, from Swedish fil. Also related to Finnish viili.

Noun[edit]

fil (uncountable)

  1. A Nordic dairy product, similar to yogurt, but using different bacteria which give a different taste and texture.

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

fil (plural fils)

  1. (chess) Alternative form of alfil.

Anagrams[edit]


Azerbaijani[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic فِيل(fīl).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (file)

Noun[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил
Perso-Arabic فیل

fil (definite accusative fili, plural fillər)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]

    Declension of fil
singular plural
nominative fil
fillər
definite accusative fili
filləri
dative filə
fillərə
locative fildə
fillərdə
ablative fildən
fillərdən
definite genitive filin
fillərin
    Possessive forms of fil
nominative
singular plural
mənim (my) filim fillərim
sənin (your) filin fillərin
onun (his/her/its) fili filləri
bizim (our) filimiz fillərimiz
sizin (your) filiniz filləriniz
onların (their) fili or filləri filləri
accusative
singular plural
mənim (my) filimi fillərimi
sənin (your) filini fillərini
onun (his/her/its) filini fillərini
bizim (our) filimizi fillərimizi
sizin (your) filinizi fillərinizi
onların (their) filini or fillərini fillərini
dative
singular plural
mənim (my) filimə fillərimə
sənin (your) filinə fillərinə
onun (his/her/its) filinə fillərinə
bizim (our) filimizə fillərimizə
sizin (your) filinizə fillərinizə
onların (their) filinə or fillərinə fillərinə
locative
singular plural
mənim (my) filimdə fillərimdə
sənin (your) filində fillərində
onun (his/her/its) filində fillərində
bizim (our) filimizdə fillərimizdə
sizin (your) filinizdə fillərinizdə
onların (their) filində or fillərində fillərində
ablative
singular plural
mənim (my) filimdən fillərimdən
sənin (your) filindən fillərindən
onun (his/her/its) filindən fillərindən
bizim (our) filimizdən fillərimizdən
sizin (your) filinizdən fillərinizdən
onların (their) filindən or fillərindən fillərindən
genitive
singular plural
mənim (my) filimin fillərimin
sənin (your) filinin fillərinin
onun (his/her/its) filinin fillərinin
bizim (our) filimizin fillərimizin
sizin (your) filinizin fillərinizin
onların (their) filinin or fillərinin fillərinin

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Azerbaijani · şahmat fiquru (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
şah vəzir top fil at piyada

Catalan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum, from Proto-Indo-European *gʷʰiH-(s-)lo-.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread, wire
  2. (Internet) discussion thread
    Synonym: tema

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Dalmatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

Noun[edit]

fil m

  1. thread, yarn, string

Related terms[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German vīle, from Old Saxon fila, from Proto-Germanic *finhlō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite file)

  1. file (tool)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Borrowed from English file (an aggregation of data) (1962).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c (singular definite filen, plural indefinite filer)

  1. file (computer terminology)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

See file.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

fil

  1. imperative of file

French[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old French fil, from Latin fīlum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural fils)

  1. yarn, thread, wire
    ne tenir qu'à un fil
    to hang by a thread
  2. grain (of wood etc.)
  3. edge (of blade, razor etc.)

Descendants[edit]

  • English: file (collection of papers) (see there for further descendants)

Derived terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Italian[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (apocopated)

  1. Apocopic form of filo

Judeo-Tat[edit]

Other scripts
Latin fil
Cyrillic фил (fil)
Hebrew פאִל(fil)

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil

  1. elephant

Maltese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic فِيل(fīl).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural fjiel)

  1. (archaic) elephant
    Synonym: iljunfant

Norwegian Bokmål[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil f or m (definite singular fila or filen, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. A file.
  2. A hand tool used for removing sharp edges or for cutting, especially through metal.
  3. A section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane.

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Borrowed from Swedish, from Old French. In the sense of a "computer file" it is borrowed from English file. Both the English and Swedish origins ultimately derive from Latin filum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil f (definite singular fila, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. (computing) a file
  2. (driving) a lane
Usage notes[edit]

Until 1983, this noun was also considered masculine.

Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Norwegian Nynorsk Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia nn

From Middle Low German

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil f (definite singular fila, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. a file (a hand tool)

Etymology 3[edit]

Possibly shortened from Danish pamfilius. However, it might also be a native clipping of pamfil.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil f (definite singular fila, indefinite plural filer, definite plural filene)

  1. (card games) knave (esp. of clubs)

Etymology 4[edit]

See the etymology of the corresponding lemma form.

Verb[edit]

fil

  1. imperative of file

References[edit]

  1. ^ “fil_1” in Det Norske Akademis ordbok (NAOB).

Anagrams[edit]


Occitan[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Limousin) [ˈfjaʷ][1]
  • IPA(key): (Auvergnat) [ˈfjɑʷ]
  • IPA(key): (Gascon) [ˈhiu̯]
  • (file)
  • IPA(key): (East Languedocien) [ˈfiu̯]
  • IPA(key): (West Languedocien) [ˈfil]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural fils)

  1. thread

References[edit]

  • Müller, Daniela. 2011. Developments of the lateral in Occitan dialects and their Romance and cross-linguistic context. Ph.D. Dissertation. University of Toulouse.
  1. ^ Müller 2011: 43. Likewise for the other four pronunciations.

Old French[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin fīlium, accusative singular of fīlius. The nominative form fiz, fils (whence modern French fils), derives from the Latin nominative.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (oblique plural fiz or filz, nominative singular fiz or filz, nominative plural fil)

  1. son (male child)
Descendants[edit]
  • Bourguignon: fi
  • Walloon: fi

See filz for descendants from the nominative singular inflection.

Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin fīlum.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (oblique plural fis, nominative singular fis, nominative plural fil)

  1. thread (fine strand of material)
Descendants[edit]

Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Celtic *wele (see!), the imperative of Proto-Celtic *weleti (see), from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (see), compare Welsh gweled (to see). Semantic development from "see!" to "there is" is parallel to that of French voici, from vois ci (see here) and voilà, from vois là (see there).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

·fil

  1. present progressive conjunct of at·tá
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 19c20
      Má nudub·feil i n‑ellug coirp Críst, adib cland Abrache amal ṡodin, et it sib ata chomarpi Abracham.
      If you pl are in the union of the body of Christ, you are Abraham’s children in that case, and it is you who are Abraham’s heirs.

fil

  1. third-person singular present progressive relative of at·tá
    • c. 800–825, Diarmait, Milan Glosses on the Psalms, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 7–483, Ml. 114b18
      nád fil nech con·gné fris ón acht Día
      that there is no one to help him but God

Usage notes[edit]

In the conjunct form, the logical subject appears in the accusative (or as an infixed object pronoun) in the oldest language. Examples:

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
fil ḟil fil
pronounced with /v(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Old Spanish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • phil (alternative spelling)

Etymology[edit]

Apocopic form of filo or fillo. Perhaps influenced by forms akin to Old Occitan fil.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil m (plural filos or fillos)

  1. Apocopic form of filo, son, child
    • c. 1200, Almerich, Fazienda de Ultramar, f. 14v.
      Entra a pharaon q́ ẏo engrauiare so coraçó. de los sieruos del criador. Por poner eſtas mis ſénales. ¬ cuétalo deláte tos fiios al fil de tos fijos. Todo lo q́ fiz en egipto en tus ſénales q́ pus en ellos e ſabredes q́ ẏo so el ſénor.
      “Go to Pharaoh, for I will harden his heart toward the servants of the Creator, that I may perform these My signs. And recount before your children and the child of your children all that I did in Egypt through your signs that I put among them, and you will know that I am the Lord.”

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Ottoman Turkish فیل(fil) (modern Turkish fil), from Arabic فِيل(fīl), from Middle Persian pyl (pīl), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru). Akin to fìldiš.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fȉl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̏л) or fȋl m (Cyrillic spelling фи̑л)

  1. (regional) elephant

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • fil” in Hrvatski jezični portal
  • Škaljić, Abdulah (1966) Turcizmi u srpskohrvatskom jeziku, Sarajevo: Svjetlost, page 283
  • fil”, in Речник српскохрватскога књижевног језика (in Serbo-Croatian), volume 6, Друго фототипско издање edition, Нови Сад, Загреб: Матица српска, Матица хрватска, 1967–1976, published 1990, page 668

Swedish[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Middle Low German vīle, from Old Saxon fila, from Proto-West Germanic *fį̄hlu, from Proto-Germanic *finhlō. Cognate with English file and German Feile.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c

  1. a file (a tool)
Declension[edit]
Declension of fil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen filar filarna
Genitive fils filens filars filarnas
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium. Particularly: “French file?”).

Row and lane (a row of vehicles) is one etymology, but as English file suggests computer file has a different etymology. However, the Swedish computer file is sometimes explained as a row of bytes, in attempt to shoehorn this new English loanword into the etymology of the existing word.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c

  1. a row of objects; most commonly used about moving objects
  2. a section of roadway for a single line of vehicles, a lane
  3. file (in computer technology)
Declension[edit]
Declension of fil 
Singular Plural
Indefinite Definite Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen filer filerna
Genitive fils filens filers filernas
Related terms[edit]
row
lane
computer file

Etymology 3[edit]

Related to Icelandic þél (fermented milk), from Old Norse þéttr (dense, tight).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil c (uncountable)

  1. any product from a family of various (deliberately) soured milk products
  2. abbreviation for filmjölk; a particular kind of fil as above
Declension[edit]
Declension of fil 
Uncountable
Indefinite Definite
Nominative fil filen
Genitive fils filens
Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Tok Pisin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From English field.

Noun[edit]

fil

  1. sportsfield

Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ottoman Turkish فیل(fil), from Arabic فِيل(fīl), from Persian پیل(pīl) (and from alternate Ottoman Turkish پیل(pil), directly from Persian پیل(pīl)), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (pīru), related to Egyptian ꜣbw (root of English elephant).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil (definite accusative fili, plural filler)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]

Inflection
Nominative fil
Definite accusative fili
Singular Plural
Nominative fil filler
Definite accusative fili filleri
Dative file fillere
Locative filde fillerde
Ablative filden fillerden
Genitive filin fillerin
Possessive forms
Nominative
Singular Plural
1st singular filim fillerim
2nd singular filin fillerin
3rd singular fili filleri
1st plural filimiz fillerimiz
2nd plural filiniz filleriniz
3rd plural filleri filleri
Definite accusative
Singular Plural
1st singular filimi fillerimi
2nd singular filini fillerini
3rd singular filini fillerini
1st plural filimizi fillerimizi
2nd plural filinizi fillerinizi
3rd plural fillerini fillerini
Dative
Singular Plural
1st singular filime fillerime
2nd singular filine fillerine
3rd singular filine fillerine
1st plural filimize fillerimize
2nd plural filinize fillerinize
3rd plural fillerine fillerine
Locative
Singular Plural
1st singular filimde fillerimde
2nd singular filinde fillerinde
3rd singular filinde fillerinde
1st plural filimizde fillerimizde
2nd plural filinizde fillerinizde
3rd plural fillerinde fillerinde
Ablative
Singular Plural
1st singular filimden fillerimden
2nd singular filinden fillerinden
3rd singular filinden fillerinden
1st plural filimizden fillerimizden
2nd plural filinizden fillerinizden
3rd plural fillerinden fillerinden
Genitive
Singular Plural
1st singular filimin fillerimin
2nd singular filinin fillerinin
3rd singular filinin fillerinin
1st plural filimizin fillerimizin
2nd plural filinizin fillerinizin
3rd plural fillerinin fillerinin
Predicative forms
Singular Plural
1st singular filim fillerim
2nd singular filsin fillersin
3rd singular fil
fildir
filler
fillerdir
1st plural filiz filleriz
2nd plural filsiniz fillersiniz
3rd plural filler fillerdir

Uzbek[edit]

Other scripts
Cyrillic фил (fil)
Latin fil
Perso-Arabic

Noun[edit]

fil (plural fillar)

  1. elephant
  2. (chess) bishop

Declension[edit]


Volapük[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil (nominative plural fils)

  1. fire

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil

  1. soft mutation of mil

Westrobothnian[edit]

Noun[edit]

fil f

  1. Snivel.

Related terms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Compare Icelandic þél (thickened milk.) Related to tjett (dense.)

Noun[edit]

fil n

  1. A kind of fermented and soured milk.

Declension[edit]