فيل

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See also: فیل, قيل, قبل, قتل, and فتل

Arabic[edit]

فِيل
 فيل on Arabic Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Persian pyl (/⁠pīl⁠/), from Akkadian 𒄠𒋛 (/⁠pīru⁠/), related to Egyptian ꜣbw

AbbwE26

(root of English elephant).

Cognate with Aramaic פִּילָא (pīlā) and Hebrew פיל (píl). Compare also Old Armenian փիղ (pʿił), Persian پیل (pil), Sanskrit पीलु (pīlu).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

فِيل (fīlm (dual فِيلَان (fīlān), plural فِيَلَة (fiyala) or فُيُول (fuyūl) or أَفْيَال (ʔafyāl), feminine فِيلَة (fīla))

  1. elephant
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 105:1:
      أَلَمْ تَرَ كَيْفَ فَعَلَ رَبُّكَ بِأَصْحَابِ ٱلْفِيلِ
      ʔalam tara kayfa faʕala rabbuka biʔaṣḥābi l-fīli
      Have thou seen not how thy Lord dealt with the companions of the elephant?
  2. (chess) bishop (use the dual to pluralize)

Declension[edit]

Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in Arabic · (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
شَاه (šāh) وَزِير (wazīr) رُخّ (ruḵḵ) فِيل (fīl) حِصَان (ḥiṣān) بَيْدَق (baydaq) – جُنْدِيّ (jundiyy)

References[edit]

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic فِيل (fīl).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /fiːl/, [fiːl]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

فيل (fīlm (plural فيلة (fiyale) or فيولة (fyūle))

  1. elephant