قلعة

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See also: قلعہand قلعه

Arabic[edit]

قَلْعَة
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Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown. Possibilities include:

  • From the Arabic root ق ل ع(q-l-ʿ).
  • From Persian کلات(kalât, fortress), since a borrowing of this word regularly yields the shape قَلْعَة (qalʿa). Akin to Mazanderani کلا(kalâ, borough) and probably Old Armenian քաղաք (kʿałakʿ, town) (under ancient circumstances “fortress, castle” and “town” isn’t necessarily a meaning difference).
  • From the name of the Malay town below, after its high walls, perhaps supported by how the vocalization varies between قَلْعَة (qalʿa), قِلْعَة (qilʿa) and قَلَعَة (qalaʿa).
  • From Proto-Turkic *kiāl-mak (to remain). Compare the early Turkic borrowing for a fortification خَازُوق(ḵāzūq, pale, stake).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قَلْعَة or قِلْعَة (qalʿa or qilʿaf (plural قِلَاع(qilāʿ) or قُلُوع(qulūʿ) or قَلَعَات(qalaʿāt))

  1. fortress, fort, castle
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Toponyms
  • Spanish: Alcalá
  • Sicilian: Carta-
  • Sicilian: Cala-
  • Arabic: قَلْعَةْ النِسَاء (qalʿat an-nisāʾ, Fort of the Women)

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ق ل ع(q-l-ʿ).

Noun[edit]

قُلْعَة (qulʿaf

  1. (obsolete) distancing oneself, remotion, depart, not resting
    Synonym: رِحْلَة(riḥla)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

قَلْعَة or قِلْعَة (qalʿa or qilʿaf

  1. alternative form of كَلَة(kala, the tin-exporting port town)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881), “قلعة”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 396
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund (1886) Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, page 237
  • Freytag, Georg (1835), “قلعة”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, page 490
  • Mirzoyan, Knarik; Charchyan, Tadevos (2016), “Some Persian Loanwords in Tatar Language”, in Problems of Oriental Studies[1], volume 12, Yerevan: University Press, page 256
  • Siddiqi, Abdussattar (1919) Studien über die Persischen Fremdwörter im klassischen Arabisch (in German), Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, pages 70–71
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph (1884), “قلعة”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[2], London: W.H. Allen, page 853
  • Wehr, Hans (1979), “قلعة”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 920

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَلْعَة(qalʿa).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /qal.ʕe/, [ˈqɑl.ʕa]
  • IPA(key): /qal.ʕa/, [ˈqɑl.ʕa]
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

قلعة (qalʕaf (plural قلاع(qilāʕ))

  1. fort, fortress, castle
  2. (chess) rook

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in South Levantine Arabic · قطع الشطرنج(ʔuṭaʕ iš-šaṭranj) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
ملك(malik) ملكة(malike) قلعة (ʔalʕa) وزير(wazīr) حصان(ḥsān) جندي(jundi)