قلعة

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See also: قلعہand قلعه

Arabic[edit]

قَلْعَة
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Etymology 1[edit]

Unknown. Possibilities include:

  • From the Arabic root ق ل ع(q-l-ʿ).
  • From Persian کلات(kalât, fortress), since a borrowing of this word regularly yields the shape قَلْعَة (qalʿa). Akin to Mazanderani کلا(kalâ, borough).
  • From the name of the Malay town below, after its high walls, perhaps supported by how the vocalization varies between قَلْعَة (qalʿa), قِلْعَة (qilʿa) and قَلَعَة (qalaʿa).
  • From Old Armenian քաղաք (kʿałakʿ, town), a meaning preserved in the Kipchak Turkic group; see there for further discussion.
  • From Proto-Turkic *kiāl-mak (to remain). Compare the early Turkic borrowing for a fortification خَازُوق(ḵāzūq, pale, stake).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

قَلْعَة or قِلْعَة (qalʿa or qilʿaf (plural قِلَاع(qilāʿ) or قُلُوع(qulūʿ) or قَلَعَات(qalaʿāt))

  1. fortress, fort, castle
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
Toponyms
  • Spanish: Alcalá
  • Sicilian: Carta-
  • Sicilian: Cala-
  • Arabic: قَلْعَةْ النِسَاء (qalʿat an-nisāʾ, Fort of the Women)

Etymology 2[edit]

From the root ق ل ع(q-l-ʿ).

Noun[edit]

قُلْعَة (qulʿaf

  1. (obsolete) distancing oneself, remotion, depart, not resting
    Synonym: رِحْلَة(riḥla)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

قَلْعَة or قِلْعَة (qalʿa or qilʿaf

  1. alternative form of كَلَة(kala, the tin-exporting port town)
Declension[edit]
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne, “قلعة”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes[1] (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1881, page 396
  • Fraenkel, Siegmund, Die aramäischen Fremdwörter im Arabischen (in German), Leiden: E. J. Brill, 1886, page 237
  • Freytag, Georg, “قلعة”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum[2] (in Latin), volume 3, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, 1835, page 490
  • Mirzoyan, Knarik; Charchyan, Tadevos, “Some Persian Loanwords in Tatar Language”, in Problems of Oriental Studies[3], volume 12, Yerevan: University Press, 2016, page 256
  • Steingass, Francis Joseph, “قلعة”, in The Student's Arabic–English Dictionary[4], London: W.H. Allen, 1884, page 853
  • Wehr, Hans, “قلعة”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic[5], 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, 1979, →ISBN, page 920