ملك

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See also: ملک

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *malk-. The insertion of the vowel i is irregular, leading, though it could be a prop vowel as in إِبِل(ʾibil), to the suggestion that it is instead borrowed from an archaic Aramaic predecessor to Aramaic מַלְכָּא(malkā, king), along with the clear borrowing مَلَكُوت(malakūt).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مَلِك (malikm (plural مُلُوك(mulūk) or أَمْلَاك(ʾamlāk), feminine مَلِكَة(malika))

  1. king, sovereign, monarch
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Gulf Arabic: مَلِك(malik)
  • Maranao: malik
  • Persian: ملک(malek)
  • Sanskrit: मलिक (malika)
  • Ottoman Turkish: ملك(melik)

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مُلْك (mulkm

  1. verbal noun of مَلَكَ (malaka) (form I)
  2. rule, reign, supreme authority, dominion, dominance, sway, power
  3. sovereignty, kingship, royalty
  4. monarchy
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مِلْك (milkm (plural أَمْلَاك(ʾamlāk))

  1. verbal noun of مَلَكَ (malaka) (form I)
  2. property, possession, goods and chattels, fortune, wealth
  3. estate
  4. real estate, landed property
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 4[edit]

م ل ك(m-l-k)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

مَلَكَ (malaka) I, non-past يَمْلِكُ‎‎ (yamliku)

  1. to take in possession, to take over, to acquire, to seize
  2. to possess, to lay hold, to own, to have, to be the owner
  3. to dominate, to control
  4. to be the master
  5. to be capable, to be able, to be in a position to
    • Hadith
      لَيْسَ الشَّدِيدُ بِالصُّرَعَةِ؛ إِنَّمَا الشَّدِيدُ الَّذِي يَمْلِكُ نَفْسَهُ عِنْدَ الْغَضَبِ.‎‎
      laysa š-šadīdu bi-ṣ-ṣuraʿati; ʾinnamā š-šadīdu allaḏī yamliku nafsahu ʿinda l-ḡaḍabi.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  6. to rule, to reign, to exercise authority, to hold sway, to lord over
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 5[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

مَلَّكَ (mallaka) II, non-past يُمَلِّكُ‎‎ (yumalliku)

  1. to make the owner
  2. to put in possession
  3. to transfer ownership, to assign, to make over, to convey
  4. to make king
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 6[edit]

Shortened version of مَلْأَك(malʾak).

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مَلَك (malakm (plural مَلَائِكَة(malāʾika) or مَلَائِك(malāʾik))

  1. angel
    • a. 538,, أبو جندب الهُذَليّ المشؤوم, ديوان الهذليين:
      مَنْ مُبْلِغٌ مَلَائِكِي حُبْشِيًّا أَخَا / بَنِي زُلَيْفَةَ الصُّبْحِيَّا؟‎‎
      man mubliḡun malāʾikī ḥubšiyyan ʾaḵā / banī zulayfata ṣ-ṣubḥiyyā?
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 12:31:
      فَلَمَّا سَمِعَتْ بِمَكْرِهِنَّ أَرْسَلَتْ إِلَيْهِنَّ وَأَعْتَدَتْ لَهُنَّ مُتَّكَأً وَآتَتْ كُلَّ وَاحِدَةٍ مِّنْهُنَّ سِكِّينًا وَقَالَتِ ٱخْرُجْ عَلَيْهِنَّ ۖ فَلَمَّا رَأَيْنَهُ أَكْبَرْنَهُ وَقَطَّعْنَ أَيْدِيَهُنَّ وَقُلْنَ حَاشَ لِلَّهِ مَا هَٰذَا بَشَرًا إِنْ هَٰذَا إِلَّا مَلَكٌ كَرِيمٌ
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 609–632 C.E., Qur'an, 17:95:
      قُل لَّوْ كَانَ فِي الْأَرْضِ مَلَائِكَةٌ يَمْشُونَ مُطْمَئِنِّينَ لَنَزَّلْنَا عَلَيْهِم مِّنَ السَّمَاءِ مَلَكًا رَّسُولًا
      qul llaw kāna fī l-ʾarḍi malāʾikatun yamšūna muṭmaʾinnīna lanazzalnā ʿalayhim mmina s-samāʾi malakan rrasūlan
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Etymology 7[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مَلَك (malakm (plural مُلُك (muluk))

  1. possession, property
  2. food and water, resources; anything which regulates, maintains, or sustains; essentials, supplies, utilities
  3. foundation of ones existence
    1. agent or effective cause
Declension[edit]

Etymology 8[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مَلْك (malkm

  1. verbal noun of مَلَكَ (malaka) (form I)
Declension[edit]

Etymology 9[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مُلَّك (mullakm pl

  1. plural of مَالِك(mālik)

Adjective[edit]

مُلَّك (mullakm pl

  1. masculine plural of مَالِك(mālik)

References[edit]

  • Dozy, Reinhart Pieter Anne (1881) , “ملك”, in Supplément aux dictionnaires arabes (in French), volume 2, Leiden: E. J. Brill, pages 613–614
  • Freytag, Georg (1837) , “ملك”, in Lexicon arabico-latinum praesertim ex Djeuharii Firuzabadiique et aliorum Arabum operibus adhibitis Golii quoque et aliorum libris confectum (in Latin), volume 4, Halle: C. A. Schwetschke, pages 208–209
  • van Putten, Marijn (2020), "Classical and Modern Standard Arabic", in Arabic and Contact-induced Change (eds. Manfredi and Lucas)
  • Wehr, Hans (1979) , “ملك”, in J. Milton Cowan, editor, A Dictionary of Modern Written Arabic, 4th edition, Ithaca, NY: Spoken Language Services, →ISBN, page 1081

South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
م ل ك

Etymology 1[edit]

From Arabic مَلَكَ(malaka).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

ملك (malak) (form I, present بملك(bimlik), subjunctive يملك(yimlik))

  1. to own
  2. to control
Conjugation[edit]
    Conjugation of ملك
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m ملكت(malakt) ملكت(malakt) ملك (malak) ملكنا(malakna) ملكتو(malaktu) ملكو(malaku)
f ملكتي(malakti) ملكت(malkat)
present m بملك(bamlik) بتملك(btimlik) بملك(bimlik) منملك(mnimlik) بتملكو(btimliku) بملكو(bimliku)
f بتملكي(btimliki) بتملك(btimlik)
subjunctive m أملك(ʔamlik) تملك(timlik) يملك(yimlik) نملك(nimlik) تملكو(timliku) يملكو(yimliku)
f تملكي(timliki) تملك(timlik)
imperative m املك(imlik) املكو(imliku)
f املكي(imliki)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Arabic مَلِك(malik).

Noun[edit]

ملك (malekm (plural ملوك(mlūk), feminine ملكة(malake))

  1. king
See also[edit]
Chess pieces in South Levantine Arabic · قطع الشطرنج(ʾuṭaʕ iš-šaṭranj) (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
ملك (malek) ملكة(malake) قلعة(ʾalʕa) وزير(wazīr) حصان(ḥsān) جندي(jundi)