քաղաք

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Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian քաղաք (kʿałakʿ); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

քաղաք (kʿałakʿ)

  1. city; town

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In compounds the word often corresponds to English polit- and Russian полито- (polito-), both from Ancient Greek πόλις (pólis).


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Akkadian [script needed] (Kalakh, ancient city capital of Assyria on the Tigris), called Calah in the Bible. An Iranian etymology has also been suggested.

Noun[edit]

քաղաք (kʿałakʿ)

  1. town, city
    թագաւորեալ քաղաքtʿagaworeal kʿałakʿroyal or capital city
    մայր քաղաքացmayr kʿałakʿacʿmetropolis, capital
    ի քաղաքս քաղաքս, ընդ քաղաքաց քաղաքաց, քաղաքի քաղաքիi kʿałakʿs kʿałakʿs, ənd kʿałakʿacʿ kʿałakʿacʿ, kʿałakʿi kʿałakʿiin every city or town, every where
    քաղաքէ ի քաղաքkʿałakʿē i kʿałakʿfrom one town to another
    արտաքս քան զքաղաքնartakʿs kʿan zkʿałakʿnout of town
    բնակիչք քաղաքիbnakičʿkʿ kʿałakʿitownspeople, townsfolk
    վիճակ, սահման քաղաքիvičak, sahman kʿałakʿitownship

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “քաղաք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քաղաք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “քաղաք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press