քաղաք

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Armenian քաղաք ‎(kʿałakʿ); see it for more.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

քաղաք ‎(kʿałakʿ)

  1. city; town

Declension[edit]

Usage notes[edit]

In compounds the word often corresponds to English polit- and Russian полито- ‎(polito-), both from Ancient Greek πόλις ‎(pólis).


Old Armenian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Akkadian [script needed] ‎(Kalakh, ancient city capital of Assyria on the Tigris), called Calah in the Bible. An Iranian etymology has also been suggested.

Noun[edit]

քաղաք ‎(kʿałakʿ)

  1. town, city
    թագաւորեալ քաղաք‎ ― tʿagaworeal kʿałakʿ ― royal or capital city
    մայր քաղաքաց‎ ― mayr kʿałakʿacʿ ― metropolis, capital
    ի քաղաքս քաղաքս, ընդ քաղաքաց քաղաքաց, քաղաքի քաղաքի‎ ― i kʿałakʿs kʿałakʿs, ənd kʿałakʿacʿ kʿałakʿacʿ, kʿałakʿi kʿałakʿi ― in every city or town, every where
    քաղաքէ ի քաղաք‎ ― kʿałakʿē i kʿałakʿ ― from one town to another
    արտաքս քան զքաղաքն‎ ― artakʿs kʿan zkʿałakʿn ― out of town
    բնակիչք քաղաքի‎ ― bnakičʿkʿ kʿałakʿi ― townspeople, townsfolk
    վիճակ, սահման քաղաքի‎ ― vičak, sahman kʿałakʿi ― township

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • Petrosean, H. Matatʿeay V. (1879), “քաղաք”, in Nor Baṙagirkʿ Hay-Angliarēn [New Dictionary Armenian–English], Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Awetikʿean, G.; Siwrmēlean, X.; Awgerean, M. (1836–1837), “քաղաք”, in Nor baṙgirkʿ haykazean lezui [New Dictionary of the Armenian Language] (in Old Armenian), Venice: S. Lazarus Armenian Academy
  • Ačaṙean, Hračʿeay (1971–1979), “քաղաք”, in Hayerēn armatakan baṙaran [Dictionary of Armenian Root Words] (in Armenian), 2nd edition, Yerevan: University Press, published 1926–1935