قتل

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See also: قبل‎, ق ت ل, and ق ب ل

Arabic[edit]

Root
ق ت ل(q-t-l)

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-West Semitic *ḳatal-. Cognate with Biblical Hebrew קָטַל(qɔṭal).

Pronunciation 1[edit]

  • IPA(key): /qa.ta.la/
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

قَتَلَ (qatala) I, non-past يَقْتُلُ‎‎ (yaqtulu)

  1. to kill, to slay, to murder
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 5:32:
      مِنْ أَجْلِ ذَٰلِكَ كَتَبْنَا عَلَى بَنِي إِسْرَائِيلَ أَنَّهُ مَن قَتَلَ نَفْسًا بِغَيْرِ نَفْسٍ أَوْ فَسَادٍ فِي الْأَرْضِ فَكَأَنَّمَا قَتَلَ النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا وَمَنْ أَحْيَاهَا فَكَأَنَّمَا أَحْيَا النَّاسَ جَمِيعًا []
      min ʾajli ḏālika katabnā ʿalā banī ʾisrāʾīla ʾannahu man qatala nafsan biḡayri nafsin ʾaw fasādin fī l-ʾarḍi fakaʾannamā qatala n-nāsa jamīʿan waman ʾaḥyāhā fakaʾannamā ʾaḥyā n-nāsa jamīʿan []
      That is why We decreed for the Children of Israel that whoever kills a soul, without [its being guilty of] manslaughter or corruption on the earth, is as though he had killed all mankind, and whoever saves a life is as though he had saved all mankind.
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 17:31:
      وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ خَشْيَةَ إِمْلَاقٍ ۖ نَحْنُ نَرْزُقُهُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ قَتْلَهُمْ كَانَ خِطْئًا كَبِيرًا
      walā taqtulū ʾawlādakum ḵašyata ʾimlāqin naḥnu narzuquhum waʾiyyākum ʾinna qatlahum kāna ḵiṭʾan kabīran
      And do not kill your children for fear of poverty. We provide for them and for you. Indeed, their killing is ever a great sin.
  2. to mitigate, to alleviate
  3. to mix, to dilute
  4. to know, to master
Conjugation[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Maltese: qatel

Verb[edit]

قُتِلَ (qutila) I, non-past يُقْتَلُ‎‎ (yuqtalu)

  1. to be killed
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 3:144:
      أَفَإِن مَاتَ أَوْ قُتِلَ ٱنْقَلَبْتُمْ عَلَى أَعْقَابِكُمْ
      ʾafaʾin māta ʾaw qutila nqalabtum ʿalā ʾaʿqābikum
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 3:158:
      وَلَئِنْ مُتُّمْ أَوْ قُتِلْتُمْ لَإِلَى ٱللَّهِ تُحْشَرُونَ
      walaʾin muttum ʾaw qutiltum laʾilā l-lahi tuḥšarūna
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  2. to be cursed
    • Quran, Al-Buruj 4
      قُتِلَ أَصْحَابُ الْأُخْدُودِ
      qutila ʾaṣḥābu l-ʾuḵdūdi
      Cursed were the companions of the trench
Conjugation[edit]

Pronunciation 2[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَتَّلَ (qattala) II, non-past يُقَتِّلُ‎‎ (yuqattilu)

  1. to kill, to massacre, to cause carnage
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 7:141:
      وَإِذْ أَنْجَيْنَاكُمْ مِنْ آلِ فِرْعَوْنَ يَسُومُونَكُمْ سُوءَ الْعَذَابِ ۖ يُقَتِّلُونَ أَبْنَاءَكُمْ وَيَسْتَحْيُونَ نِسَاءَكُمْ ۚ وَفِي ذَٰلِكُم بَلَاءٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ عَظِيمٌ
      waʾiḏ ʾanjaynākum min ʾāli firʿawna yasūmūnakum sūʾa l-ʿaḏāba yuqattilūna ʾabnāʾakum wayastaḥyūna nisāʾakum wafī ḏālikum balāʾun min rabbikum ʿaẓīmun
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Conjugation[edit]

Verb[edit]

قَتَّلَ (qattala) VIII, non-past يَقَتِّلُ‎‎ (yaqattilu)

  1. Rare form of اِقْتَتَلَ(iqtatala).

Pronunciation 3[edit]

Noun[edit]

قَتْل (qatlm

  1. verbal noun of قَتَلَ (qatala) (form I)
  2. verbal noun of قُتِلَ (qutila) (form I)
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 33:16:
      قُلْ لَنْ يَنْفَعَكُمُ ٱلْفِرَارُ إِن فَرَرْتُم مِنَ ٱلْمَوْتِ أَوِ ٱلْقَتْلِ وَإِذًا لَا تُمَتَّعُونَ إِلَّا قَلِيلًا
      qul lan yanfaʿakumu l-firāru ʾin farartum mina l-mawti ʾawi l-qatli waʾiḏan lā tumattaʿūna ʾillā qalīlan
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  3. killing, manslaughter, homicide, murder
    • 609–632 CE, Qur'an, 17:31:
      وَلَا تَقْتُلُوا أَوْلَادَكُمْ خَشْيَةَ إِمْلَاقٍ ۖ نَحْنُ نَرْزُقُهُمْ وَإِيَّاكُمْ ۚ إِنَّ قَتْلَهُمْ كَانَ خِطْئًا كَبِيرًا
      walā taqtulū ʾawlādakum ḵašyata ʾimlāqin naḥnu narzuquhum waʾiyyākum ʾinna qatlahum kāna ḵiṭʾan kabīran
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]

Pronunciation 4[edit]

Noun[edit]

قِتْل (qitlm (plural أَقْتَال(ʾaqtāl))

  1. enemy, adversary, foe, opponent
Declension[edit]

Ottoman Turkish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَتْل(qatl).

Noun[edit]

قتل (katl)

  1. killing
  2. murder
  3. slaughter

Related terms[edit]


Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَتْل(qatl).

Noun[edit]

Dari قتل
Iranian Persian
Tajik қатл (qatl)

قتل (qatl)

  1. killing
  2. murder

Related terms[edit]


South Levantine Arabic[edit]

Root
ق ت ل

Etymology[edit]

From Arabic قَتَلَ(qatala).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): (Urban) /ʔa.tal/, [ˈʔa.tal]
  • IPA(key): (Bedouin) /ɡa.tal/, [ˈɡa.tal]
  • (file)

Verb[edit]

قتل (ʔatal) (form I, present بقتل(boʔtol))

  1. to kill, to murder
  2. to beat
    Synonym: دبح(dabaḥ)

Conjugation[edit]

    Conjugation of قتل (ʔatal)
singular plural
1st person 2nd person 3rd person 1st person 2nd person 3rd person
past m قتلت (ʔatalt) قتلت (ʔatalt) قتل (ʔatal) قتلنا (ʔatalna) قتلتو (ʔataltu) قتلو (ʔatalu)
f قتلتي (ʔatalti) قتلت (ʔatlat)
present m بقتل (baʔtol) بتقتل (btoʔtol) بقتل (boʔtol) منقتل (mnoʔtol) بتقتلو (btoʔtolu) بقتلو (boʔtolu)
f بتقتلي (btoʔtoli) بتقتل (btoʔtol)
subjunctive m أقتل (ʔaʔtol) تقتل (toʔtol) يقتل (yoʔtol) نقتل (noʔtol) تقتلو (toʔtolu) يقتلو (yoʔtolu)
f تقتلي (toʔtoli) تقتل (toʔtol)
imperative m اقتل (oʔtol) اقتلو (oʔtolu)
f اقتلي (oʔtoli)

Urdu[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Arabic قَتْل(qatl).

Noun[edit]

قتل (qatlm (Hindi spelling क़त्ल)

  1. killing
  2. slaughter
  3. murder
  4. massacre

Related terms[edit]