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Scottish Gaelic[edit]


From Old Irish fil, originally an imperative meaning 'see', from Proto-Indo-European *wel- (see), cognate with Latin voltus (face). For the semantic development 'see here' > 'here is' compare French voici and voilà.




  1. am
  2. are
  3. is

Usage notes[edit]

  • This is a dependent form of tha, which is the present tense of bi. It is used after the particles a and gu. After chan and nach, the contracted form eil is used.
    A bheil thu fuar?Are you cold?
    (Older Gaelic: Am bheil....)
    Bha e ag ràth gu bheil ìm air an aran.He was saying that there is butter on the bread.