arista

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See also: Arista and äristä

English[edit]

Noun[edit]

arista (plural aristae or aristas)

  1. (biology) One of the fibrils found on grains or fishes.
  2. (entomology) A bristle on the third segment of a fly's antenna.

Translations[edit]

References[edit]

  • Oxford English Dictionary

Anagrams[edit]


Finnish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

arista

  1. Elative plural form of arka.

Verb[edit]

arista

  1. Indicative present connegative form of aristaa.
  2. Second-person singular imperative present form of aristaa.
  3. Second-person singular imperative present connegative form of aristaa.

Anagrams[edit]


Italian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Possibly from Ancient Greek ἄρῐστος (áristos, the best), as it is considered the most prized cut of pig meat.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈa.ris.ta/
  • Hyphenation: à‧ri‧sta

Noun[edit]

arista f (plural ariste)

  1. pork loin
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Etymology 2[edit]

From Latin arista. Doublet of resta.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aˈris.ta/
  • Hyphenation: a‧rì‧sta

Noun[edit]

arista f (plural ariste)

  1. (biology, botany, zoology) arista
  2. (literary) awn, ear (of grain)
Synonyms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The origin is unknown. Sometimes thus called Etruscan, but this is in the first place not likely since the old Latins where agriculturalists nor are there formal grounds, compare Latin genista (broom) for this formation.

A derivation from Proto-Indo-European is likely, but concrete relations are unknown. Čop[1] has presented as cognates Lithuanian asȳs, esȳs, esiūklis, asiūklis (horsetail, equisetum), Latvian aši, ašas, ašavi, ašavas, ašenes, ašķi, ažģi (horsetail, equisetum) (elsewhere one lists a Latgalian ašķi (horsetail, equisetum) and puts to the forms also Thracian ἀσᾶ (asa, coltsfoot)[2]), Lithuanian asnìs, ašnìs (long, protruding hair of a fur animal; rye shoots; edge or sharpness of a scythe), Epic Greek ἤϊα (ḗïa, chaff; provisions), Irish eorna (barley) and Hittite [script needed] (ha-a-as /ḫās(s)-/, ashes; potash; soap), Hittite [script needed] (ha-a-su-wa-a-iSAR /ḫāsuwāi-/, soapwort; harmal), but Puhvel[3] finds these alleged cognates motley, and the Hittite word belongs to Proto-Indo-European *h₂eHs- related to burning and ashes, and the Irish word is from Proto-Celtic *yewos, from Proto-Indo-European *yéwos (barley) also in Proto-Indo-Iranian *yáwas (barley). But the comparison just to the Baltic horsetail-words was already made by Bezzenberger.[4]
A relation to arundō (reed) is somewhat likely, while its etymology is likewise unknown. A relation with Proto-Indo-European *h₃er- (related to moving, rising) is considered.[5]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

arista f (genitive aristae); first declension

  1. awn (beard of grain)
  2. ear of grain
  3. harvest; summer

Declension[edit]

First-declension noun.

Case Singular Plural
Nominative arista aristae
Genitive aristae aristārum
Dative aristae aristīs
Accusative aristam aristās
Ablative aristā aristīs
Vocative arista aristae

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Čop, Bojan (1970) Linguistica[1] (in German), volume X, issue 1, Znanstvena založba Filozofske fakultete Univerze v Ljubljani, pages 90–92 of 89–106
  2. ^ which one knows from Dioscórides 3.112 sub voce βήχιον – Tussilago farfara
  3. ^ Puhvel, Jaan (1991) Hittite Etymological Dictionary (Trends in linguistics. Documentation; 5), volume III, Berlin, New York: Mouton de Gruyter, pages 210–212
  4. ^ Bezzenberger, Adalbert (1897) Beiträge zur Kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume 23, Göttingen: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht, page 298 of 283–321
  5. ^ Meyer, Leo (1878), “Elementum”, in Beiträge zur Kunde der indogermanischen Sprachen (in German), volume 2, Göttingen: Robert Peppmüller, page 87 of 86–107

Portuguese[edit]

Noun[edit]

arista f (plural aristas)

  1. (biology) arista (one of the fibrils found on grains or fishes)

Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin arista.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /aˈɾista/, [aˈɾist̪a]

Noun[edit]

arista f (plural aristas)

  1. (architecture) arris
  2. (geometry) edge (place where two faces of a polyhedron meet)
  3. (geology) arête

Related terms[edit]

Further reading[edit]