fial

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Dalmatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin fel, fellem. Compare French fiel, Italian fiele, Romanian fiere, Spanish hiel.

Noun[edit]

fial m

  1. bile
  2. bitterness

Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish fíal, from Proto-Celtic *wēlos (modest), from Proto-Indo-European *wey- (rotate turn). Cognate with Welsh gŵyl (modest, generous, kind).[1][2]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

fial (genitive singular masculine féil, genitive singular feminine féile, plural fiala, comparative féile) (literary)

  1. seemly
  2. generous
  3. bountiful

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
fial fhial bhfial
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falileyev, Alexander, Etymological Glossary of Old Welsh, Walter de Gruyter, 2000, p. 68.
  2. ^ Matasović, Ranko (2009) Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Celtic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 9), Leiden: Brill, ISBN 978-90-04-17336-1, page 412

Further reading[edit]

  • 1 fíal” in Dictionary of the Irish Language, Royal Irish Academy, 1913–76.
  • “fial” in Foclóir Gaeḋilge agus Béarla, Irish Texts Society, 1st ed., 1904, by Patrick S. Dinneen, page 312.
  • "fial" in Foclóir Gaeilge-Béarla, An Gúm, 1977, by Niall Ó Dónaill.
  • Entries containing “fial” in English-Irish Dictionary, An Gúm, 1959, by Tomás de Bhaldraithe.
  • Entries containing “fial” in New English-Irish Dictionary by Foras na Gaeilge.
  • “fial” at the Historical Irish Corpus, 1600–1926 of the Royal Irish Academy.

North Frisian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Frisian feld. Cognates include Mooring North Frisian fälj and West Frisian fjild.

Noun[edit]

fial n (plural fialen)

  1. (Föhr-Amrum) field