свой

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See also: свои and свој

Belarusian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *svojь, from Proto-Indo-European *swoyos.

Determiner[edit]

свой (svojm

  1. (possessive) one's, my, his, her, its, our, your, their (always refers to the subject of the sentence)

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Bulgarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *svojь, from Proto-Indo-European *swoyos.

Pronoun[edit]

свой (svojm

  1. (possessive) one's, my, his, her, its, our, your, their (always refers to the subject of the sentence)

Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Slavic *svojь, from Proto-Indo-European *swoyos. Cognates include Latin suus, Ancient Greek (), Sanskrit स्वतह् (svataḥ), and perhaps Old English self.

Pronunciation[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

свой (svojm

  1. (possessive) one's, my, his, her, its, our, your, their (always refers to the subject of the sentence)
    Я курю́ свою́ сига́ру.Ja kurjú svojú sigáru.I’m smoking my cigar.
    Мы ку́рим свои́ сига́ры.My kúrim svoí sigáry.We’re smoking our cigars.
    Он ку́рит свою́ сига́ру.On kúrit svojú sigáru.He’s smoking his cigar (his own).
    Он ку́рит его́ сига́ру.On kúrit jevó sigáru.He’s smoking his (the other guy’s) cigar.
    Она́ говори́т о своём сы́не.Oná govorít o svojóm sýne.She’s talking about her son (her own son).
    Она́ говори́т о её сы́не.Oná govorít o jejó sýne.She’s talking about her son (another lady’s son).
  2. one's own
  3. peculiar

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]