Reconstruction:Proto-Slavic/

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This Proto-Slavic entry contains reconstructed words and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Slavic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *ís and Proto-Indo-European *yós.

Determiner[edit]

*jь[1][2]

  1. this

Declension[edit]

In the relative function, *jь was supplemented with *že; see *jь že.

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

*jь[1][2]

  1. he

Declension[edit]

Already in Old Church Slavonic, the nominative forms of this pronoun had mostly fallen out of use, and were supplanted by reflexes of *onъ (that over there) and *tъ (this, that). It's not certain whether this had already happened within Proto-Slavic but it is likely.

Following a preposition, a prothetic n- is attached to the pronoun in many Slavic languages, including Old Church Slavonic. This probably arose through resegmentation of prepositions that originally ended in -n; through the law of open syllables, it became preferable to consider the final consonant as part of the next syllable, so it was shifted onto the pronoun.

Descendants[edit]

In all of the descendants, the forms of this pronoun have become part of a suppletive paradigm, and are combined with a nominative form from an unrelated root. The following lists the nominative form of the paradigms that have incorporated forms of *jь as their non-nominative case forms.

  • East Slavic:
    • Belarusian: ён (jon)
    • Russian: он (on)
    • Ukrainian: він (vin)
  • South Slavic:
  • West Slavic:
    • Czech: on
    • Kashubian: òn
    • Polish: on
    • Slovak: on

Further reading[edit]

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Derksen, Rick (2008) , “*jь(že)”, in Etymological Dictionary of the Slavic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 4), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 208: “prn.”
  2. 2.0 2.1 Olander, Thomas (2001) , “jь ja je”, in Common Slavic accentological word list, Copenhagen: Editiones Olander: “he: cf. Table X (SA 35f., 244; PR 138)”