азбука

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

азбука (azbukaf

  1. alphabet

Inflection[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Macedonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

азбука (azbukaf

  1. alphabet

Inflection[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic азъбукы (azъbuky), Borrowing from Old Church Slavonic азъбоукꙑ (azŭbuky), from the names of the first two letters of the Cyrillic alphabet, Old Church Slavonic азъ (azъ) +‎ боукꙑ (buky), a calque of Ancient Greek ἀλφάβητος (alphábētos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

а́збука (ázbukaf inan (genitive а́збуки, nominative plural а́збуки, genitive plural а́збук)

  1. alphabet
    а́збука Мо́рзеázbuka MórzɛMorse code
    а́збука Бра́йляázbuka BrájljaBraille
    слоговая а́збукаslogovaja ázbukasyllabary
  2. ABC book, abecedary; primer
  3. ABC (the rudiments of any subject)

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From initial names of the first letters of Cyrillic alphabet, az (а) and buki (б).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǎzbuka/
  • Hyphenation: аз‧бу‧ка

Noun[edit]

а̀збука f (Latin spelling àzbuka)

  1. (uncountable) alphabet (based on the Cyrillic script)

Declension[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Created in Old East Slavic following азъбукы (azъbuky), borrowed from Old Church Slavonic азъбоукꙑ (azŭbuky), formed from the names of the first two letters in the Cyrillic alphabet, азъ (azŭ) + боукꙑ (buky), following the example of Greek ἀλφάβητος (ἀlfávitos).

Attested 1627, compare язъбука (jazъbuka) (17–18th century).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

а́збука (ázbukaf inan (genitive а́збуки, nominative plural а́збуки)

  1. (dated) alphabet (an ordered set of letters used in a language), especially the old Cyrillic alphabet.

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982–2012), “азбука”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), Kiev: Naukova Dumka
  • Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980), “азбука”, in Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka