азбука

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Bulgarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

азбука (azbukaf

  1. alphabet

Inflection[edit]

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Macedonian[edit]

Noun[edit]

азбука (azbukaf

  1. alphabet

Inflection[edit]


Russian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Inherited from Old East Slavic азъбукы (azŭbuky), Borrowing from Old Church Slavonic азъбоукꙑ (azŭbuky), from the names of the first two letters of the Cyrillic alphabet, азъ (azŭ) +‎ боукꙑ (buky), a calque of ἀλφάβητος (alphábētos).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

а́збука (ázbukaf inan (genitive а́збуки, nominative plural а́збуки, genitive plural а́збук)

  1. alphabet
    а́збука Мо́рзеázbuka MórzɛMorse code
    а́збука Бра́йляázbuka BrájljaBraille
    слоговая а́збукаslogovaja ázbukasyllabary
  2. ABC book, abecedary; primer
  3. ABC (the rudiments of any subject)

Declension[edit]

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Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From initial names of the first letters of Cyrillic alphabet, az (а) and buki (б).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ǎzbuka/
  • Hyphenation: аз‧бу‧ка

Noun[edit]

а̀збука f (Latin spelling àzbuka)

  1. (uncountable) alphabet (based on the Cyrillic script)

Declension[edit]


Ukrainian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Created in Old East Slavic following азъбукы (azŭbuky), borrowed from Old Church Slavonic азъбоукꙑ (azŭbuky), formed from the names of the first two letters in the Cyrillic alphabet, азъ (azŭ) + боукꙑ (buky), following the example of Greek ἀλφάβητος (ἀlfávitos).

Attested 1627, compare язъбука (jazʺbuka) (17–18th century).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

а́збука (ázbukaf inan (genitive а́збуки, nominative plural а́збуки)

  1. (dated) alphabet (an ordered set of letters used in a language), especially the old Cyrillic alphabet.

Declension[edit]

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Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Melʹnyčuk O. S., editor (1982–2012), “азбука”, in Etymolohičnyj slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy [Etymological Dictionary of the Ukrainian Language] (in Ukrainian), Kiev: Naukova Dumka
  • Bilodid I. K., editor (1970–1980), “азбука”, in Slovnyk ukrajinsʹkoji movy, Kiev: Naukova Dumka