primer

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English[edit]

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Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Latin primarius & primarium (prayer book) possibly via Norman primer (prayer book), from prima (prime the liturgical hour and office) + -arius and -arium (forming related objects). Its use for schoolbooks derived from the late medieval and early modern use of such prayer books to teach reading.

Noun[edit]

primer (plural primers)

  1. (historical, Catholic ecclesiastical) A prayer or devotional book intended for laity, initially an abridgment of the breviary and manual including the hours of the Virgin Mary, 15 gradual and 7 penitential psalms, the litany, the placebo and dirige forming the office of the dead, and the commendations.
  2. (historical, Protestant ecclesiastical) Similar works issued in England for private prayer in accordance with the Book of Common Prayer.
  3. A children's book intended to teach literacy: how to read, write, and spell.
    1545, The A.B.C. Primers
  4. An introductory text on any subject, particularly basic concepts.
  5. (New Zealand) An elementary school class; an elementary school student.

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From prime + -er

Noun[edit]

primer (plural primers)

  1. Any substance or device used to ignite a fire, (chiefly) any priming wire, blasting cap, or other device used to ignite gunpowder or other explosive.
  2. (obsolete, rare) A person who primes explosives.
  3. Any substance used to prime wood, metal, &c.
  4. A layer of such a substance.
  5. (obsolete, rare) A person who primes wood, metal, &c.
  6. (biology) A molecule which initiates the synthesis of an enzyme, (chiefly) a single-stranded nucleic acid molecule which initiates DNA replication.
  7. (medicine, zoology) A pheromone which interacts first with the endocrine system.
  8. A device used to prime an internal combustion engine with gasoline, (chiefly) in airplanes.
  9. A person who prunes trees.
Related terms[edit]
Translations[edit]
The translations below need to be checked and inserted above into the appropriate translation tables, removing any numbers. Numbers do not necessarily match those in definitions. See instructions at Help:How to check translations.

Etymology 3[edit]

From Norman primer (first), from Latin prīmārius (first)

Adjective[edit]

primer (not comparable)

  1. (obsolete) First in time, initial, early.
    • Drayton
      the primer English kings
  2. (obsolete) First in importance, premier.
  3. (obsolete, rare) First in position, foremost.
Derived terms[edit]

Catalan[edit]

Catalan ordinal numbers
1r 2n  > 
    Cardinal : un
    Ordinal : primer

Etymology[edit]

From Latin primarius.

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

primer m (feminine primera, masculine plural primers, feminine plural primeres)

  1. (ordinal) first
  2. (mathematics) prime (having no divisor except itself and 1):

Usage notes[edit]

When primer is the ordinal number of a century or of a regnal name of a monarch or pope, it is written using Roman numerals following the noun. Thus Joan Primer is written Joan I.

For most fractional numbers, the ordinal number is used to indicate the denominator of the fraction. Since 1 is never the denominator of a proper fraction, primer is not normally used to form fractions. Exceptions to this rule include mig (half), terç (third), quarter (quarter), milionèsim (millionth), bilionèsim (billionth), ....

The feminine form of the ordinal is usually used as the collective noun for a set of like objects of that size. Primera is not used for a set of 1, nor is there is any other term for the concept Exceptions to the usual rule include parell (set of 2), qüern (set of 4), centenar (set of 100), grossa (set of 144), miler (set of 1000), and milenar (1000).

Adverb[edit]

primer

  1. first; before anything else

French[edit]

Verb[edit]

primer

  1. to dominate, to be dominant over
  2. to win (a prize)
  3. to prevail, take precedent

Conjugation[edit]

External links[edit]


Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /prǐːmer/
  • Hyphenation: pri‧mer

Noun[edit]

prímer m (Cyrillic spelling при́мер)

  1. example, instance
  2. model, paragon
  3. precedence

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Slovene[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

primér m inan (genitive priméra, nominative plural priméri)

  1. example (something representative of a group)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Adjective[edit]

primer m (apocopate, standard form primero)

  1. (before the noun) apocopic form of primero first.
    El primer hijo - “the first child”

Usage notes[edit]

The form primer is only used before and within the noun phrase of the modified masculine singular noun. In other positions, the standard form primero is used instead.