-j

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Egyptian[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Reconstructed) IPA(key): /Vj/ invalid IPA characters (V), where V represents an unknown short vowel.

Suffix[edit]

y
  1. Marks the dual form of nouns and adjectives. Attaches to the singular form if feminine or the plural form if masculine.
Usage notes[edit]

Often this is represented by writing the phonetic or determinative glyph twice, e.g. tꜣwj:

N16
N16
Derived terms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Afro-Asiatic *-i (genitive-possessive case ending).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Reconstructed) IPA(key): /ij/

Suffix[edit]

y
  1. Converts nouns and prepositions into masculine adjectives: the masculine nisba adjective ending.

Etymology 3[edit]

From earlier *-iu or *-iju, from Proto-Afro-Asiatic *-u (nominative case ending) attached to a root ending in *-i or *-ij.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • (Reconstructed) IPA(key): /ij/

Suffix[edit]

i
  1. Forms i-stem masculine nouns from roots.

See also[edit]

  • .j (first-person singular suffix pronoun)

Etymology 4[edit]

Suffix[edit]

y
  1. Forms prepositional adverbs from certain prepositions.

References[edit]

  • Allen, James (2000) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-77483-7
  • Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 0-521-44384-9

Esperanto[edit]

Etymology[edit]

The Greek nominative-plural inflection -i of the first and second declensions (parallel to the accusative suffix -n); perhaps also the Latin nominative-plural inflection -e of the first declension. (Both Greek -i and Latin -e are thought to have been pronounced [i̯], as is Esperanto -j.)

Suffix[edit]

-j

  1. -s. (Marks the plural form of nouns, adjectives, and some pronouns.)
    juna patro (young father)junaj patroj (young fathers)

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-j

  1. (personal suffix) Used to form the second-person singular subjunctive/imperative of verbs (indefinite conjugation).
    vár (to wait)Várj! - Wait!

Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]