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 sg 1. suffix pronoun

  1. I, me, my (see usage notes)

Usage notes[edit]

This form of pronoun attaches directly to the preceding word, and means different things depending on what it is attached to.

  • When attached to a noun, it indicates the possessor of the noun.
  • When attached to a verb of the suffix conjugation (subjunctive, perfective, imperfective, passive, prospective, perfect, sḏm.jn.f, sḏm.ḫr.f, sḏm.kꜣ.f, or sḏmt.f), it indicates the subject of the verb.
  • When attached to an infinitive verb (especially of an intransitive verb) whose subject is not otherwise expressed, it indicates the subject of the verb.
  • When attached to a transitive infinitive verb whose subject is otherwise expressed or omitted, it indicates the object of the verb.
  • In the third person, when attached to a prospective participle, it indicates gender and number agreement.
  • When attached to a particle like jw, or a parenthetic like ḫr, it indicates the subject of the clause.
  • When attached to a preposition, it indicates the object of the preposition.
  • When it follows a relative adjective, such as ntj, ntt, or jsṯ, it indicates the subject of the relative clause (except in the first person singular and third person common).


Alternative forms[edit]

The first person singular suffix pronoun is often not written, and when it is, it has a number of variants:

Further, it can, optionally, be varied to indicate the identity of the antecedent — a distinction which would not have been indicated in speech, e.g.:



 m sg 3. stative ending

  1. (Old Egyptian, attached to a stative verb form) he, him


Alternative forms[edit]


  • Allen, James (2010) Middle Egyptian: An Introduction to the Language and Culture of Hieroglyphs, revised second edition, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ISBN 978-0-521-74144-6
  • Edel, Elmar (1955-1964) Altägyptische Grammatik, Rome: Pontificium Institutum Biblicum