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Suffix pronoun: first person singular

  1. I, me, my (see usage notes)

Usage notes[edit]

This form of pronoun attaches directly to the preceding word, and means different things depending on what it is attached to.

  • When attached to a noun, it indicates the possessor of the noun
  • When attached to a verb of the suffix conjugation (subjunctive, perfective, imperfective, passive, prospective, perfect, sḏm.jn.f,sḏm.ḫr.f, sḏm.k3.f, or sḏmt.f), it indicates the subject of the verb
  • When attached to an infinitive verb (especially of an intransitive verb) whose subject is not otherwise expressed, it indicates the subject of the verb.
  • When attached to a transitive infinitive verb whose subject is otherwise expressed or omitted, it indicates the object of the verb.
  • In the third person, when attached to a prospective participle, it indicates gender and number agreement.
  • When attached to a particle like jw, or a parenthetic like ḫr, it indicates the subject of the clause.
  • When attached to a preposition, it indicates the object of the preposition
  • When it follows a relative adjective, such as ntj, ntt, and jsṯ, it indicates the subject of the relative clause (Except in the first person singular and third person neuter)

The first person singular suffix pronoun is often not written, and when it is, it has a number of variants:

i A1
.j .j .j

Further, it can, optionally, be varied to indicate the identity of the antecedent - a distinction which would not have been indicated in speech, e.g.:

male human female human god god or king king dead human


Suffix pronouns inflect for gender and number (but the dual forms were archaic and are mostly found in religious texts). See individual pages for variant writings.

Singular Dual Plural
1st person .j .nj .n
2nd masculine .k .ṯnj .ṯn / .tn
2nd feminine .ṯ / .t
3rd masculine .f .snj .sn / .w
3rd feminine .s


Allen, Middle Egyptian