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See also: nj, Nj, NJ, nJ, and N.J.


Etymology 1[edit]

.n (we, us, our) +‎ -j (dual marker).





 du 1. suffix pronoun

  1. we two, us two, ours (see usage notes)
Usage notes[edit]

This form is rare in Middle Egyptian; it is more usual to use the plural, .n.

This form of pronoun attaches directly to the preceding word, and means different things depending on what it is attached to.

  • When attached to a noun, it indicates the possessor of the noun.
  • When attached to a verb of the suffix conjugation, it indicates the subject of the verb.
  • When attached to an infinitive verb (especially of an intransitive verb) whose subject is not otherwise expressed, it indicates the subject of the verb.
  • When attached to a transitive infinitive verb whose subject is otherwise expressed or omitted, it indicates the object of the verb.
  • In the third person, when attached to a prospective participle, it indicates gender and number agreement.
  • When attached to a particle like jw or a parenthetic like ḫr, it indicates the subject of the clause.
  • When attached to a preposition, it indicates the object of the preposition.
  • When it follows a relative adjective such as ntj or ntt, it indicates the subject of the relative clause (except in the first person singular and third person common).
Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

.n (perfect suffix) +‎ -j (adverbializing suffix).



  1. Sometimes used to form the perfect of verbs when the subject is omitted.


  1. ^ Loprieno, Antonio (1995) Ancient Egyptian: A Linguistic Introduction, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, →ISBN, page 64