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See also: ej and WJ



w A1

Dependent pronoun: first person singular

  1. I, me (see usage notes)

Usage notes[edit]

This form of pronoun is an enclitic, which must directly follow the word it modifies. Its meaning depends on its context.

  • When it follows a verb, it indicates the object of the verb
  • In the second and third person when it follows an adjective, it forms the subject of an adjectival sentance
  • When it follows a relative adjective, such as ntj, ntt, and jsṯ, it indicates the subject of the relative clause (Usually only in the first person singular and third person neuter)
  • When it follows an imperative, it indicates the object of the verb.
  • When it follows a particle like mj.k, it indicates the subject of the clause.
  • When attached to a preposition, it indicates the object of the preposition

The first person singular dependent pronoun has a number of variants:

W A1
w i
w i A1
w Z1
W i
W i A1
W Z1
wj wj wj wj wj wj wj

Further, it can, optionally, be varied to indicate the identity of the antecedent - a distinction which would not have been indicated in speech, e.g.:

w A1
w B1
w A40
w G7
w A42
w A50
male human female human god god or king king dead human


Dependent pronouns inflect for gender and number. The "neuter" third person form is used for inanimate objects. See individual pages for variant writings.

Singular Plural
1st person wj n
2nd masculine ṯw / tw ṯn / tn
2nd feminine ṯn / tn
3rd masculine sw sn
3rd feminine sj
3rd neuter st


w y
  1. An admirative particle; "How wonderful!"


G43 M17 A53


  1. The meaning of this term is uncertain. Possibilities include:
    1. An item of the inner coffin, possibly a mummy covering


  • Allen, Middle Egyptian
  • Erman and Grapow, Wörterbuch der ägyptischen Sprache