-ett

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See also: ett and ETT

Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -tt (past-participle and past-tense suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ett

  1. past-tense and past-participle suffix (homonymous form in the vast majority of verbs):
    1. (past-tense suffix) -ed, -t. Used to form the past tense of a verb.
      hegeszt (to weld)fémcsöveket hegesztett (“he welded some metal tubing”)
    2. (past-participle suffix) -ed, -t. Used to form the past participle of a verb.
      hegeszt (to weld)a hegesztett fém (“the welded metal”)
Usage notes[edit]
  • (past-participle and past-tense suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -t is added to monosyllabic verbs ending in j, l, ly, n, ny, r (fáj, szel, fon, huny, sír) and to many bisyllabic verbs ending in -ad/-ed (akad, ered)
    -tt is added to verbs ending in a vowel (sző, , , , , )
    -ott is added to back-vowel verbs
    -ett is added to unrounded front-vowel verbs
    -ött is added to rounded front-vowel verbs
  • (past-participle suffix) This form is the only option attributively. Predicatively, however, a construction of the existential verb van (or its negative form nincs) and the adverbial participle (with -va/-ve) is preferable,[1] especially when speaking of the result achieved,[2] although the suffix -t/-ott/-ett/-ött occurs predicatively as well, disputed as it may be.[3]
Declension[edit]

For the past-participle suffix only:

Inflection (stem in -e-, front unrounded harmony)
singular plural
nominative -ett -ettek
accusative -ettet -etteket
dative -ettnek -etteknek
instrumental -ettel -ettekkel
causal-final -ettért -ettekért
translative -etté -ettekké
terminative -ettig -ettekig
essive-formal -ettként -ettekként
essive-modal
inessive -ettben -ettekben
superessive -etten -etteken
adessive -ettnél -etteknél
illative -ettbe -ettekbe
sublative -ettre -ettekre
allative -etthez -ettekhez
elative -ettből -ettekből
delative -ettről -ettekről
ablative -ettől -ettektől
non-attributive
possessive - singular
-etté -etteké
non-attributive
possessive - plural
-ettéi -ettekéi

Etymology 2[edit]

-e- (linking vowel) +‎ -tt (locative suffix)

Suffix[edit]

-ett

  1. (locative suffix, chiefly archaic) in, at (used to form the locative case)
    Pécs (a Hungarian city)Pécsett (in Pécs)
Usage notes[edit]

See also[edit]