-ad

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Ancient Greek -άς (-ás) (genitive -άδος (-ádos)): a suffix forming feminine nouns.

Suffix[edit]

-ad

  1. a unit or set (especially of a specified number)
    chiliad, duodecad
  2. (medicine, anatomy) toward
    tibiad; ulnad

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ad

  1. (possessive suffix) your (second-person singular informal, single possession)
    ház (house)a házad (your house)
  2. (fraction-forming suffix) Appended to a cardinal number to form a fraction.
    száz (hundred)század (hundredth)
  3. (verb-forming suffix) Appended to a stem to form a verb.
    olvad (to melt)
    szak (part)szakad (to tear (clothing))
  4. (settlement suffix) Suffix in names of settlements.
    Sarkad, Várad

Usage notes[edit]

  • (possessive suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel. Final -a changes to -á-. Final -e changes to -é-.
    -ad is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to the other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded (and some rounded) front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to most rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (fraction-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ad is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
  • (verb-forming suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -ad is added to back-vowel words
    -ed is added to front-vowel words
  • (settlement suffix) Harmonic variants:
    -d is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ad is added to some back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -od is added to some other back-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -ed is added to unrounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant
    -öd is added to rounded front-vowel words ending in a consonant

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Norwegian Nynorsk[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ad

  1. (archaic)(nonstandard) Used to form past participle form of many weak verbs

Alternative forms[edit]


Old Irish[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • -ed (slender form)
  • -ud (often with A II verbs)

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the various thematic vowels of verb stems plus Proto-Celtic *-tus, i.e. from *-atus, *-ātus, *-etus, and *-ītus.

Suffix[edit]

-ad

  1. suffix forming verbal nouns
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Irish: -adh
  • Manx: -ey
  • Scottish Gaelic: -adh

Etymology 2[edit]

From the various thematic vowels of verb stems plus Proto-Celtic *-to, i.e. from *-ato, *-āto, *-eto, and *-īto.

Suffix[edit]

-ad

  1. suffix forming the third-person singular imperative form
  2. suffix forming the third-person singular imperfect indicative form
  3. suffix forming the third-person singular past subjunctive form
  4. suffix forming the third-person singular conditional form of reduplicated and ē-future stems
  5. suffix forming the singular passive conjunct preterite form of s-preterite stems

Serbo-Croatian[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ad (Cyrillic spelling -ад)

  1. Suffix appended to words to create a feminine noun, usually a collective noun.

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]


Swedish[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ad

  1. -ed, used to form adjectives from nouns, in the sense of having the object represented by the noun.
  2. suffix forming past participle

Derived terms[edit]

Anagrams[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Cognate with Cornish -as.

Suffix[edit]

-ad m (plural -adau)

  1. show the action of a verb or its result
    dechrau (to start, to begin) + ‎-ad → ‎dechreuad (start, beginning)
    teimlo (to feel) + ‎-ad → ‎teimlad (feeling)
    dileu (to delete, to erase) + ‎-ad → ‎dilead (deletion, erasure)

Etymology 2[edit]

From Proto-Brythonic *-ad, from earlier *-atus, a late (British) variant of *-ātus, used to form verbal nouns from Celtic ā-stem verbs.

Suffix[edit]

-ad m (plural -aid)

  1. suffix indicating an agent noun: -er, -or
    cadw (to keep) + ‎-ad → ‎ceidwad (keeper)
    galw (to call) + ‎-ad → ‎geilwad (caller)
  2. person who comes from somewhere or is classed by something, -ian, -ist
    Ewrop (Europe) + ‎-ad → ‎Ewropead (European)
    Corea (Korea) + ‎-ad → ‎Coread (Korean)
    Norwy (Norway) + ‎-ad → ‎Norwyad (Norwegian)
Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • R. J. Thomas, G. A. Bevan, P. J. Donovan, A. Hawke et al., editors (1950–present), “-ad”, in Geiriadur Prifysgol Cymru Online (in Welsh), University of Wales Centre for Advanced Welsh & Celtic Studies

Yapese[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ad

  1. Plural (3 or more) pronoun marker.