-ott

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Hungarian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Suffix[edit]

-ott

  1. (locative suffix) in (used to form the locative case)
    Kaposvár (a Hungarian city) → Kaposvárott (in Kaposvár)
  2. (past participle suffix) -ed, -t. Used to form the past participle of a verb.
    mos (to wash) → a mosott ruhák (“the washed clothes”)
  3. (past tense suffix) -ed, -t. Used to form the past tense of a verb.
    hoz (to bring) → ételt hozott (“she brought food”)

Usage notes[edit]

  • (locative suffix) It is used only in a few city/town names along with the inessive case or superessive case. It can also be observed in a few local adverbs and postpositions (itt, ott). It is no longer productive. Harmonic variants:
    -t
    -tt is added to words ending in a vowel
    -ott is added to back vowel words
    -ett is added to unrounded front vowel words
    -ött is added to rounded front vowel words
  • (past participle and past tense suffix) Variants:
    -t
    -tt is added to verbs ending in a vowel (sző, , , , , )
    -ott is added to back vowel verbs
    -ett is added to unrounded front vowel verbs
    -ött is added to rounded front vowel verbs

See also[edit]