مهر

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: مہر

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

Common West Semitic term; compare Ugaritic 𐎎𐎅𐎗 (mhr), Old South Arabian 𐩣𐩠𐩧𐩩(mhrt, wealth, possessions, commodities, goods), Biblical Hebrew מָהַר(mahar, to acquire by exchange, to barter, to purchase), Biblical Hebrew מֹהַר(mṓhar, bridal payment, purchasing price), Classical Syriac ܡܗܪܐ(bride-price), Nabataean 𐢓𐢇𐢛(mohar). Uncertain connection to highly productive Akkadian 𒈠𒄩𒊒 (ma-ḫa-ru /maḫāru/, to face or meet; to accept, to receive; to conduct; to do business, to shift commodities, to transact; to accept valuables, staples, or persons; to take in or collect offers, to take in women by dowries) and Soqotri móḥor (to offer), as the sound change complicates the semantic overlaps. Comparison to Middle Persian mtr'‎ (/mihr/, contract, bond) is coincidental.

Verb[edit]

مَهَرَ (mahara) I, non-past يَمْهُرُor يَمْهَرُ‎‎ (yamhuru or yamharu)

  1. to settle a dowry for (one's wife, etc.)
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

Denominal verb from مُهر‎, from Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (mwdl), 𐫖𐫇𐫍𐫡(mwhr /muhr/, seal).

Verb[edit]

مَهَرَ (mahara) I, non-past يَمْهَرُ‎‎ (yamharu)

  1. to stamp
  2. to imprint
  3. to contract
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مَهْر (mahrm (plural مُهُور(muhūr))

  1. verbal noun of مَهَرَ (mahara) (form I)
  2. stamping
  3. sealing
  4. contracting
  5. dowry, dower, marriage portion
  6. price
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Middle Armenian: մահր (mahr)

Noun[edit]

مُهْر (muhrm

  1. seal
  2. stamp
  3. signet
Declension[edit]
Related terms[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Proto-Semitic *mahir-/*marw- ((young) man; still fast and physically useful), possibly further Proto-Afroasiatic *ma(hi)r- (servant, slave), potentially related to Arabic مَرْء(marʾ). Compare Akkadian 𒌉 (DUMU /maru/, young man, son; subordinate, deployable man, service man, usable worker, hireling for a service), Ugaritic 𐎎𐎅𐎗 (mhr, warrior, man, troop; skilled, expert, trained; exceptional, faster, better, or heroic), Sabaean 𐩩𐩣𐩠𐩧𐩩(tmhrt, contingent of Bedouin mercenaries; specialty troops, proficient at handling camels and desert warfare), Aramaic מהר‎, Hebrew מָהִיר‎, Hebrew מַהֵר‎, Phoenician 𐤌𐤄𐤓(mhr), Classical Syriac ܡܗܪ(to instruct, to be instructed, to learn, to excel), Ge'ez ምሁረ (məhurä /məhur/, trained).

Verb[edit]

مَهَرَ (mahara) I, non-past يَمْهُرُor يَمْهَرُ‎‎ (yamhuru or yamharu)

  1. to be skilled or skillful
  2. to be proficient
  3. to be trained, expert especially at handling
Conjugation[edit]

Noun[edit]

مُهْر (muhrm (plural أَمْهَار(ʾamhār) or مِهَارَة(mihāra), feminine مُهْرَة(muhra))

  1. foal
  2. colt
Declension[edit]

Persian[edit]

Persian Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia fa

Etymology 1[edit]

The first sense borrowed from Arabic مَهْر(mahr, dowry), from the verb مَهَرَ(mahara, to contract, to give a dowry); see above. The remaining senses inherited from Middle Persian mtr' (mihr, bond, contract), from Old Persian 𐎷𐎰𐎼 (mithra), from Avestan 𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬭𐬋(miθrō, covenant, contract, oath), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mitra (covenant, treaty, agreement, promise). Compare Sanskrit मित्र (mitra) and the above for a possible layer of phono-semantic matching with the Semitic root regarding business contracts and reception.

Noun[edit]

مهر (mahr) (plural مهرها(mahr-hâ))

  1. (Islam) Mahr, a pre-negotiated gift of monetary (for example, gold coins) or symbolic value which is promised to a bride by a groom upon marriage. A woman may claim her mahr at any point during the marriage though in practice often it is claimed upon divorce or the death of the husband.
  2. contracting
  3. contract
  4. covenant
Synonyms[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Middle Persian mtr' (Mihr), from Old Persian 𐎷𐎰𐎼 (Miθra), from Avestan 𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬭𐬀(miθra, covenant, contract, oath), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mitra (covenant, treaty, agreement, promise). Compare Sanskrit मित्र (mitra), Ancient Greek μεσίτης (mesítēs).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian مهر
Iranian Persian
Tajik меҳр (mehr)

مهر (mehr)

  1. kindness
  2. love
  3. affection
  4. friendship
  5. mercy
  6. sympathy
  7. prosperity
Derived terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

Dari Persian مهر
Iranian Persian
Tajik Меҳр (Mehr)

مهر (Mehr)

  1. (Zoroastrianism) Mithra, a Zoroastrian deity.
  2. the Sun
  3. Mehr, the seventh month of the solar Persian calendar.
  4. Name of the sixteenth day of any month of the solar Persian calendar.
Related terms[edit]

See also[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

From Middle Persian [Book Pahlavi needed] (mwdl), 𐫖𐫇𐫍𐫡(mwhr /muhr/, seal) (compare Parthian 𐫖𐫇𐫍𐫡(mwhr /muhr/, seal), and Bactrian μολρο (molro)); possibly cognate with Old Persian 𐎷𐎰𐎼 (mithra) and Avestan 𐬨𐬌𐬚𐬭𐬋(miθrō, covenant, contract, oath), from Proto-Indo-Iranian *mitra (covenant, treaty, agreement, promise). Compare Sanskrit Sanskrit मुद्रा (mudrā, seal), मित्र (mitra, covenant). Akin to Old Armenian մուրհակ (murhak), Aramaic מוהרק(mūhraq) and Arabic مُهْرَق(muhraq), Iranian borrowings.

مُهر

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

Dari Persian تاپه
Iranian Persian مهر
Tajik мӯҳр (mühr)

مهر (mohr) (plural مهرها(mohr-hâ))

  1. seal
  2. impression
  3. stamp
  4. (Islam) A prayer-stone, sometimes made from clay from Karbala or Mashhad, which is placed on the ground in front of the worshipper and onto which the forehead is touched during prayer; also known as a turba.
Derived terms[edit]
Descendants[edit]

See also[edit]