أدب

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to navigation Jump to search
See also: ادبand أدت

Arabic[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From the root ء د ب(ʾ-d-b), from Persian دب(dab), ultimately from Sumerian 𒁾 (dub).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

أَدَب (ʾadabm (plural آدَاب(ʾādāb))

  1. discipline
  2. courtesy
  3. civility
  4. literature, belles-lettres
    • 10th century, Al-Mutanabbi
      أَنَا الَّذِي نَظَرَ الْأَعْمَى إِلَى أَدَبِي / وَأَسْمَعَتْ كَلِمَاتِي مَنْ بِهِ صَمَمُ
      ʾanā allaḏī naẓara l-ʾaʿmā ʾilā ʾadabī / waʾasmaʿat kalimātī man bihi ṣamamu
      (please add an English translation of this quote)
  5. politeness
  6. decency
  7. culture
Declension[edit]
Descendants[edit]
  • Afar: adábi, ádab
  • Azerbaijani: ədəb
  • → Hindustani:
    Hindi: अदब (adab)
    Urdu: ادب(adab)
  • Malay: adab
  • Persian: ادب(adab)
  • Tausug: adab
  • Turkish: adap

Etymology 2[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

أَدَّبَ (ʾaddaba) II, non-past يُؤَدِّبُ‎‎ (yuʾaddibu)

  1. to educate
  2. to correct, discipline, chastise
Conjugation[edit]

Etymology 3[edit]

Verb[edit]

أَدِبُّ (ʾadibbu) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active indicative of دَبَّ(dabba)

Verb[edit]

أَدِبَّ (ʾadibba) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active subjunctive of دَبَّ(dabba)
  2. first-person singular non-past active jussive of دَبَّ(dabba)

Verb[edit]

أَدِبِّ (ʾadibbi) (form I)

  1. first-person singular non-past active jussive of دَبَّ(dabba)