adata

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See also: adatā

Hungarian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

adat +‎ -a (possessive suffix)

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [ˈɒdɒtɒ]
  • Hyphenation: ada‧ta

Noun[edit]

adata

  1. third-person singular (single possession) possessive of adat

Declension[edit]

Inflection (stem in long/high vowel, back harmony)
singular plural
nominative adata
accusative adatát
dative adatának
instrumental adatával
causal-final adatáért
translative adatává
terminative adatáig
essive-formal adataként
essive-modal adatául
inessive adatában
superessive adatán
adessive adatánál
illative adatába
sublative adatára
allative adatához
elative adatából
delative adatáról
ablative adatától

Ladin[edit]

Verb[edit]

adata

  1. third-person singular present indicative of adater
  2. third-person plural present indicative of adater
  3. second-person singular imperative of adater

Latvian[edit]

Adata (1)
Adatas (2)
Kaktusa adatas (4)
Kompasa adata (5)

Etymology[edit]

From the same stem as adīt (to knit) (with an extra -at): Proto-Baltic *ad-, from Proto-Indo-European *edʰ-, *odʰ- (pointed, sharp). Cognates include Lithuanian ãdata.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

adata f (4th declension)

  1. needle (a long, thin, pointy tool for sewing or knitting, usually made of metal)
    šujamā adatasewing needle
    lāpāmā adatadarning needle
    adāmadataknitting needle
    ķirurģiskā adatasurgery needle
    adatas acseye of a needle
    adata ar lielu acia needle with a large eye
    ievērt diegu adatāto thread (lit. to insert thread into) a needle
    sieva paņēma adatu ar diegu un gribēja sašūt plēsumu svārkos(his) wife took a needle and thread and wanted to sew the tear in (his) suit coat
    šīs daļas ada ar smalkākām adatām' these parts (of the pullover) one knits with finer needles
  2. pin (various thin, pointy objects used to hold together clothes, hair, etc. or as ornaments)
    saspraužamā adatasafety pin
    matu adatashairpins
    kaklasaites adatatie pin
    meistars pataustīja, vai adata vēl labi turas kakla lakatiņāthe master checked whether the pin was still holding the neck kerchief well
  3. needle (thin metal object with a sharp point, used for pricking, or for injecting substances)
    injekciju adatainjection needle
    adatu terapijaacupuncture (lit. needle therapy)
  4. (usually plural) needles, spikes, thorns, spines (thin, sharp growths on plants or animals)
    eža kažoka adatashedgehog spikes
    kaktusa adatascactus thorns
    cirtēju cietās rokas nejuta asās skuju adatas, kas ķērās viņu drēbēs un dūrās, kur vien pieskārāsthe hard hands of the lumbermen did not feel the sharp connifer needles that stuck to their clothes and pricked wherever they touched
  5. needle (part of an instrument or machine with a needle-like shape or form)
    manometra adatathe needle of the pressure gauge
    mērinstrumenta adatathe needle of the meter, measuring instrument
    kompasa adatacompass needle
    dreboša magnēta adata vienmēr griežas pret poluthe trembling magnet needle always turns towards the pole
    spidometers drebināja rādītāja adatu, ceļa kilometri dila, un skaitlis uz skalas augathe speedometer made its indicato rneedle tremble, the kilometers of the path (to go) decreased, and the numbers on the meter grew

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “adata”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Akin to Latvian adata (see above), the suffix is -ata. The most convincing explanation derives this word from Proto-Indo-European *h₁edʰ-, as with eglė (spruce, fir) < *ed-li[1], see for more. Further related to adyti (to darn). Confer also uodegà (tail).

Pronunciation[edit]

IPA(key): /ˈaː.dɐ.tɐ/

Noun[edit]

ãdata f (plural ãdatos) stress pattern 4

  1. needle (used for sewing, knitting, etc.)
    ãdatos ausẽlė - eye of the needle
  2. any thin, sharp, pointed object: spine, prick, thorn
  3. surgery needle, injection
    léisti ãdatą - give an injection

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Derksen, Rick (2015) Etymological Dictionary of the Baltic Inherited Lexicon (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 13), Leiden, Boston: Brill, ISBN 978 90 04 27898 1, page 151