atque

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Latin[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ad ‎(to) + -que ‎(and).

Conjunction[edit]

atque

  1. and, and also, and even, and too
    • 63 BCE, Cicero, Catiline Orations Oratio in Catilinam Prima in Senatu Habita
      Quam diu quisquam erit qui te defendere audeat, vives, et vives ita ut nunc vivis, multis meis et firmis praesidiis obsessus ne commovere te contra rem publicam possis. Multorum te etiam oculi et aures non sentientem, sicut adhuc fecerunt, speculabuntur atque custodient.
      As long as one person exists who can dare to defend you, yet shall live; but you shall live as you do now, surrounded by my many and trusty guards, so that you shall not be able to stir one finger against the republic: many eyes and ears shall still observe and watch you, as they have hitherto done, though you shall not perceive them.
    Ad vim atque ad arma confugere.
    To fly to violence and to arms.
  2. yet, nevertheless
  3. (after words expressing comparison) as, than
    Alia sunt legati officia atque imperatoris.
    The obligations of the legate are different from those of the general.

Usage notes[edit]

  • atque is usually found in front of words beginning with a vowel or an h, rarely before consonants.

References[edit]

  • atque in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • atque in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • atque in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • more than once; repeatedly: semel atque iterum; iterum ac saepius; identidem; etiam atque etiam
    • the spirit of the times, the fashion: saeculi consuetudo or ratio atque inclinatio temporis (temporum)
    • to entreat earnestly; to make urgent requests: magno opere, vehementer, etiam atque etiam rogare aliquem
    • to strain every nerve, do one's utmost in a matter: omni ope atque opera or omni virium contentione eniti, ut
    • zealous pursuit of truth: veri inquisitio atque investigatio
    • to have had practical experience: in rebus atque in usu versatum esse
    • to have attained to a high degree of culture: omni vita atque victu excultum atque expolitum esse (Brut. 25. 95)
    • the exalted strain of the speech: elatio atque altitudo orationis
    • to be dear to some one: carum atque iucundum esse alicui
    • something is contrary to my moral sense, goes against my principles: aliquid abhorret a meis moribus (opp. insitum [atque innatum] est animo or in animo alicuius)
    • to have the good of the state at heart: omnia de re publica praeclara atque egregia sentire
    • an impartial witness: testis incorruptus atque integer
    • to carry off booty: ferre atque agere praedam
    • to ravage with fire and sword: omnia ferro ignique, ferro atque igni or ferro flammaque vastare
    • to surrender oneself to the discretion of some one: se permittere in fidem atque in potestatem alicuius (B. G. 2. 3)
    • as if the victory were already won: sicut parta iam atque explorata victoria
    • so much for this subject...; enough has been said on..: atque or sed haec (quidem) hactenus
    • so much for this subject...; enough has been said on..: atque haec quidem de...
    • there is this also to notice: atque etiam hoc animadvertendum est
    • it is quite manifest: exstat atque eminet
  • atque” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016