af

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See also: AF, aF, A.F., af-, .af, äf, and âf

English[edit]

Adverb[edit]

af (not comparable)

  1. (postpositive, vulgar, slang, Internet slang, text messaging) Initialism of as fuck.
    • 2009 April 6, Kull, Ashley, “Ashley Kull on Twitter: "Bored af!!!!"”, in Twitter[1], archived from the original on 2016-06-14:
      Bored af!!!!

Anagrams[edit]


Danish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse af, from Proto-Germanic *ab. Related to English of, off and German ab

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [a], (in the end of a phrase) IPA(key): [ˈæːˀ]

Preposition[edit]

af

  1. by
    the active part, originator: En roman af Hemingway - A novel by Hemingway
  2. of
    indicating connection: Ejeren af huset - The owner of the house
    in descriptions: En mand af format - A man of stature; Et hus lavet af træ - A house made of wood
    part of: ni ud af ti - nine out of ten
  3. from
    of origin: Jeg hørte det af ham - I heard it from him
  4. off
    away from: Jeg faldt af cyklen - I fell off the bike
  5. with
    caused by: grøn af misundelse - green with envy
  6. out of
    motivated by: Han gjorde det af nysgerrighed - He did it out of curiosity

Adverb[edit]

af

  1. off
    tage sit tøj af - take off one's clothes

Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle Dutch af, from Old Dutch af, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ɑf/
  • (file)
  • Hyphenation: af
  • Rhymes: -ɑf

Adverb[edit]

af

  1. off
  2. (postpositional) off, from (implying motion)
    Stomdronken reed de automobilist de weg af.
    Totally drunk, the motorist drove off the road.

Inflection[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Adjective[edit]

af (used only predicatively, comparative meer af, superlative meest af)

  1. finished, done (when working on something)
    Het huis is af.
    The house is ready.
  2. (games) out, dismissed from play under the rules of the game, e.g. by having been tagged

Synonyms[edit]

Antonyms[edit]


Gothic[edit]

Romanization[edit]

af

  1. Romanization of 𐌰𐍆

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Norse af, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

af

  1. (with dative) off, from
  2. (with dative) of
  3. (with dative) by

Derived terms[edit]


Maltese[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

af

  1. imperative singular of jaf

Mapudungun[edit]

Preposition[edit]

af (using Raguileo Alphabet)

  1. beside; next to.

References[edit]

  • Wixaleyiñ: Mapucezugun-wigkazugun pici hemvlcijka (Wixaleyiñ: Small Mapudungun-Spanish dictionary), Beretta, Marta; Cañumil, Dario; Cañumil, Tulio, 2008.

Middle Dutch[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Dutch af, from Proto-Germanic *ab.

Adverb[edit]

af

  1. off, out, away
  2. of, about

Usage notes[edit]

Generally found in combination with a locative adverb such as hier, daer. Also found combined with a verb. In prepositional usage, van was used.

Alternative forms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Dutch: af
  • Limburgish: aaf

Further reading[edit]


Middle Welsh[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

af

  1. first-person singular present indicative of mynet

Old Norse[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ab, whence also Old English æf, af, of (English of), Old Saxon ab, af, Old High German aba, abo (German ab), Gothic 𐌰𐍆 (af). Compare also au- in Icelandic auvirði.

Preposition[edit]

af

  1. of, from, off, by

Descendants[edit]

  • Danish: af
  • Faroese: av
  • Icelandic: af
  • Norwegian Bokmål: av
  • Norwegian Nynorsk: av
  • Swedish: av

References[edit]

  • af in Geir T. Zoëga (1910) A Concise Dictionary of Old Icelandic, Oxford: Clarendon Press

Old Saxon[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Germanic *ab.

Preposition[edit]

af

  1. of
  2. out

Old Spanish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

af f (plural aues)

  1. Apocopic form of aue (bird)
    • c. 1250, Alfonso X, Lapidario, f. 97v.
      […] Et q́ deſcéda ſobreſta piedra la uertud de oḿe q́ téga en la mano dieſtra lança ¬ en la ſinieſtra un af traſtornada.
      […] And may over this stone descend the virtue of the man with a spear in his right hand and an upturned bird on his left.

Portuguese[edit]

Interjection[edit]

af

  1. (Internet slang) afe

Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Interjection[edit]

af

  1. arf

Somali[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Cognate with Beja [script needed] (yēf), Oromo afaan and Afar afa.

Noun[edit]

af m

  1. mouth
  2. language

Swedish[edit]

Preposition[edit]

af

  1. Archaic spelling of av.

Usage notes[edit]

It's not used in everyday writing but it can still be seen in surnames of nobility, such as af Geijerstam and af Wisborg.

See also[edit]


Welsh[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

  • a (colloquial)

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

af

  1. (literary) first-person singular present indicative/future of mynd