Reconstruction:Proto-Germanic/ab

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This Proto-Germanic entry contains reconstructed terms and roots. As such, the term(s) in this entry are not directly attested, but are hypothesized to have existed based on comparative evidence.

Proto-Germanic[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *h₂epó.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Preposition[edit]

*ab[1]

  1. away from, off of [+dative]
  2. of [+dative]

Adverb[edit]

*ab[1]

  1. away

Descendants[edit]

  • Proto-West Germanic: *ab(a), *af(a)
  • Proto-Norse: *ᚨᛒ (*ab)
    • Old Norse: af
      • Icelandic: af
      • Faroese: av
      • Norn: av
      • Elfdalian: åv
      • Old Swedish: af, āf, aff
        • Swedish: av, af (pre-1906 spelling; remains in surnames)
      • Danish: af
      • Norwegian Bokmål: av
  • Gothic: 𐌰𐍆 (af)

References[edit]

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Kroonen, Guus (2013), “*aba”, in Etymological Dictionary of Proto-Germanic (Leiden Indo-European Etymological Dictionary Series; 11), Leiden, Boston: Brill, →ISBN, page 1