sumir

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Galician[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Galician and Old Portuguese sumir, somir, from Latin sūmere, present active infinitive of sumō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sumir (first-person singular present sumo, first-person singular preterite sumín, past participle sumido)

  1. to cave in; to sink
    Synonym: afundir
  2. to consume; to decrease
    • c1840, Ramón Varela Vahamonde, Conversa entre os arrieiros:
      Por eso non queren suba
      Na sisa nin na taberna
      E, en tanto que os demais paguen,
      Eles recachan a perna.
      E como serán sumidos
      En bebedelas, o aumento,
      Dan a sisa pol-os tragos
      E miran outros pr’o vento.
      That's why they don't want an increase
      in the surcharge nor in the tavern
      and, as long as the others pay,
      they uncover the leg [they sunbathe].
      And since they are gonna be consumed
      in binges, the augment,
      they give the surcharge for the gulps
      and others look into the wind.
    Synonyms: gastar, minguar
  3. to submerge
    Synonym: mergullar
  4. (figuratively) to cause to fall, to trip up
  5. (figuratively) to fall into (a state of being)
  6. first/third-person singular future subjunctive of sumir
  7. first/third-person singular personal infinitive of sumir

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  • sumir” in Dicionario de Dicionarios do galego medieval, SLI - ILGA 2006-2012.
  • sumir” in Dicionario de Dicionarios da lingua galega, SLI - ILGA 2006-2013.
  • sumir” in Tesouro informatizado da lingua galega. Santiago: ILG.
  • sumir” in Álvarez, Rosario (coord.): Tesouro do léxico patrimonial galego e portugués, Santiago de Compostela: Instituto da Lingua Galega.

Icelandic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Old Norse sumr.

Pronoun[edit]

sumir m pl (feminine plural sumar, neuter plural sum)

  1. some

Portuguese[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Portuguese sumir, somir, from Latin sūmere, present active infinitive of sumō.

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

sumir (first-person singular present indicative sumo, past participle sumido)

  1. (intransitive) to vanish, to disappear
    O rapaz sumiu! - The boy vanished!
    Synonyms: desaparecer, evaporar
  2. to submerge, to sink
    Synonyms: afundar, submergir
  3. to be wasted or consumed
    O dinheiro some. - Money is wasted away
  4. (transitive, followed by com) to hide
    Vou sumir com seus cigarros! - I'm going to hide your cigarettes!
    Synonym: esconder

Conjugation[edit]


Spanish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Latin sūmere, present active infinitive of sumō.

Verb[edit]

sumir (first-person singular present sumo, first-person singular preterite sumí, past participle sumido)

  1. to submerge
    Synonym: sumergir
  2. (reflexive, figuratively) to be devoured (by); to wallow in
    • 1922, Vicente Blasco Ibáñez, La tierra de todos:
      Se sumió otra vez el joven en su monótona labor de dibujante lineal; pero á los pocos instantes sus ojos volvieron á levantarse del papel.
      (please add an English translation of this quote)

Conjugation[edit]

Related terms[edit]