scaffold

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English[edit]

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All Saints Church in Lund, Sweden, covered in scaffolding (sense 1) in June 2009
A scaffold (sense 1) installed around the dome of the United States Capitol in July 2016 for restoration work
The execution of Stanislaus Lacroix by hanging in Hull, Quebec, Canada, on 21 March 1902. Lacroix (wearing a hood), a priest, and the officials carrying out the execution are standing on a scaffold (sense 2).

Etymology[edit]

From Middle English scaffold, scaffalde, from Norman, from Old French schaffaut, eschaffaut, eschafal, eschaiphal, escadafaut ‎(platform to see a tournament) (Modern French échafaud) (compare Latin scadafale, scadafaltum, scafaldus, scalfaudus, Danish skafot, Dutch and Middle Dutch schavot, German schavot, schavott, Occitan escadafalc), from Old French es- ‎(indicating movement away or separation) (from Latin ex- ‎(out, away)) + chafaud, chafaut, chafault, caafau, caafaus, cadefaut ‎(scaffold for executing a criminal), from Vulgar Latin *catafalcum ‎(viewing stage) (whence English catafalque, French catafalque, Occitan cadafalc, Old Catalan cadafal, Italian catafalco, Spanish cadafalso (obsolete), cadahalso, cadalso, Portuguese cadafalso), possibly from Ancient Greek κατα- ‎(kata-, back; against) + Latin -falicum (from fala, phala ‎(wooden gallery or tower; siege tower)).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

scaffold ‎(plural scaffolds)

  1. A structure made of scaffolding for workers to stand on while working on a building.
  2. An elevated platform on which a criminal is executed.
  3. (metalworking) An accumulation of adherent, partly fused material forming a shelf or dome-shaped obstruction above the tuyeres in a blast furnace.

Derived terms[edit]

Translations[edit]

Verb[edit]

scaffold ‎(third-person singular simple present scaffolds, present participle scaffolding, simple past and past participle scaffolded)

  1. (transitive) To set up a scaffolding; to surround a building with scaffolding.

Translations[edit]

External links[edit]