croch

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Irish[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Etymology 1[edit]

From Old Irish croch, from Latin crux (cross).

Noun[edit]

croch f (genitive singular croiche, nominative plural crocha)

  1. cross, gallows
  2. hook, hanger
  3. crane
  4. (figuratively) tall, stooped figure
Declension[edit]

Etymology 2[edit]

From Old Irish crochaid, from the noun croch (cross).

Verb[edit]

croch (present analytic crochann, future analytic crochfaidh, verbal noun crochadh, past participle crochta) (transitive, intransitive)

  1. hang
  2. raise up
  3. lift, carry
  4. (card games) throw down (one's hand)
  5. clear up, clear off
Conjugation[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Eclipsis
croch chroch gcroch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]


Middle English[edit]

Noun[edit]

croch

  1. Alternative form of crucche

Old Irish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Insular Celtic *krukā (compare Welsh crog), borrowed from the oblique stem of Latin crux. Doublet of cros, which was instead formed by attaching feminine ā-stem inflectional endings directly onto the nominative singular.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

croch f

  1. cross
    • c. 800, Würzburg Glosses on the Pauline Epistles, published in Thesaurus Palaeohibernicus (reprinted 1987, Dublin Institute for Advanced Studies), edited and with translations by Whitley Stokes and John Strachan, vol. I, pp. 499–712, Wb. 20c21
      Is dó da·gníat: maith leu indocbál apstal doib et ní fodmat ingreimm ar chroich Críst.
      It is for this they do it: they like to have the glory of apostles, and they do not endure persecution for the cross of Christ.
  2. gallows

Inflection[edit]

Feminine ā-stem
Singular Dual Plural
Nominative crochL croichL crochaH
Vocative crochL croichL crochaH
Accusative croichN croichL crochaH
Genitive croicheH crochL crochN
Dative croichL crochaib crochaib
Initial mutations of a following adjective:
  • H = triggers aspiration
  • L = triggers lenition
  • N = triggers nasalization

Derived terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

  • Irish: croch
  • Scottish Gaelic: croch

Mutation[edit]

Old Irish mutation
Radical Lenition Nasalization
croch chroch croch
pronounced with /ɡ(ʲ)-/
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

Further reading[edit]


Scottish Gaelic[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Old Irish crochaid, from the noun croch (cross).

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

croch (past chroch, future crochaidh, verbal noun crochadh, past participle crochte)

  1. hang, suspend
  2. depend

Usage notes[edit]

Mutation[edit]

Scottish Gaelic mutation
Radical Lenition
croch chroch
Note: Some of these forms may be hypothetical. Not every
possible mutated form of every word actually occurs.

References[edit]