Zimmer (plural Zimmers)
- Clipping of .
From Middle High German zimber, from Old High German zimbar, from Proto-Germanic *timrą, from Proto-Indo-European *dem- (“build, house”) (see Proto-Indo-European *dṓm). Cognate with German Low German Simmer (Münsterländisch), English timber and Dutch timmer (“building; construction; room”).
Zimmer n (genitive Zimmers, plural Zimmer)
- room (separate part of a building, enclosed by walls, a floor and a ceiling)
- Synonym: Raum
- Zimmer is used of the rooms in a private dwelling, excluding cellar and loft unless they are furnished and used as a part of the dwelling, and usually also excluding passages, kitchens, larders, toilets, utility rooms, and the like (though a private bathroom is called Badezimmer).
- In collectively used dwellings such as hotels, shelters, or hospitals, Zimmer is used chiefly of those rooms that are private to a small number of people (1 to circa 10). In barracks, these are called Stuben, in prisons, Zellen.
- In the workplace, Zimmer is less common, but it may be used e.g. of personal offices or rooms where clients are received.
- Otherwise, Raum is typically used. It is also the most general word which should be preferred in all cases of doubt. Using it for those rooms defined as Zimmer above is possible, but not always usual.
- Arbeitszimmer n (“workroom”)
- Badezimmer n (“bathroom”)
- Besucherzimmer n (“visitors' room”)
- Esszimmer n (“dining room”)
- Frauenzimmer n (“woman”)
- Gästezimmer n (“guest room”)
- Hinterzimmer n (“backroom”)
- Klassenzimmer n (“classroom”)
- Schlafzimmer n (“bedroom”)
- Wohnzimmer n (“living room”)
- Zimmernummer f (“room number”)
- Zimmerpflanze f (“houseplant, indoor plant”)
- Zimmerschlüssel m (“room key”)
- Zimmerservice m or n (“room service”)
- Zimmertemperatur f (“room temperature”)
- Zimmer in Duden online
Zimmer n (plural Zimmer)