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Dame (plural Dames)
- (titles) (of a man): Mr (Mister, mister), Sir (sir); (of a woman): Ms (Miz, mizz), Mrs (Mistress, mistress), Miss (miss), Dame (dame), (of a non-binary person): Mx (Mixter); (see also): Dr (Doctor, doctor), Madam (madam, ma'am)
Dame f (genitive Dame, plural Damen)
- lady (woman of good breeding and manners)
- lady; madam (polite term to refer to any woman)
- (chess, card games) queen
- (checkers) king
Concerning the use of the word as a polite term for any woman, note the following tendencies:
- It is common to refer to a woman as Dame when one speaks of her in her presence. Frau might even be slightly impolite in such a context.
- Ich glaube, die Dame war vor mir dran. — “I think this lady was in line before me.”
- Dame used as a general term of address (“die Dame!” – madam!), or when speaking about someone who is not present, marks a consciously polite way of speaking, most often heard from waiters, shop assistants, etc. In popular speech, it may be used to refer to an elderly woman but rarely to a young or middle-aged one.
- Dame is common in some specific contexts, such as ballroom dancing.
Declension of Dame
|Chess pieces in German · Schachfiguren, Schachsteine (layout · text)|
|König||Dame, Königin||Turm||Läufer||Springer, Pferd, Ross, Rössel||Bauer|
Dame n (invariable, no plural)
- This word is not inflected and generally cannot take any articles, determiners, or adjectives. If such words were used with it, they would take neuter forms: Er spielt ein gutes Dame. (“He plays good checkers.”) This is grammatically doubtful, however. The full form Damespiel is preferable in such contexts.