König

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
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See also: Koenig

German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Middle High German künec, from Old High German kuning (rarer kunig), from Proto-West Germanic *kuning, from Proto-Germanic *kuningaz.[1] The development Old High German -ning → later -nig is regular (see Pfennig). The modern vocalism -ö- is chiefly Central and Low German; compare Middle Low German köninc, from Old Saxon kuning. Cognate with Old Dutch kuning (whence Dutch koning), Old English cyning (whence English king), Old Norse konungr (whence e.g. Danish konge). The word was borrowed into non-Germanic languages in Proto-Germanic times: Finnish and Estonian kuningas, Russian князь (knjazʹ).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkøːnɪç/
    • (file)
  • IPA(key): /ˈkøːnɪk/ (southern Germany, Austria)

Noun[edit]

König m (genitive Königes or Königs, plural Könige)

  1. king (monarch, chess, card games)

Usage notes[edit]

  • Together with proper nouns, the genitive can be König[e]s with uninflected proper noun (e.g. Königs Wilhelm) or less common uninflected König with inflected proper noun as if the noun König were part of a name (e.g. König Wilhelms).

Declension[edit]

Note: The long genitive form Königes lost popularity by the mid-19th century.

See also[edit]

Chess pieces in German · Schachfiguren, Schachsteine (layout · text)
♚ ♛ ♜ ♝ ♞ ♟
König Dame, Königin Turm Läufer Springer, Pferd, Ross, Rössel Bauer

Derived terms[edit]

Hyponyms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Proper noun[edit]

König m or f (genitive Königs)

  1. A common surname, from nicknames originating as a nickname.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "König" in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

Further reading[edit]


Saterland Frisian[edit]

Alternative forms[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowed from Middle Low German kȫnnich, from Old Saxon kuning. Cognates include German Low German König. Doublet of Kening.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

König m

  1. king

Synonyms[edit]

References[edit]

  • Marron C. Fort (2015), “Kening”, in Saterfriesisches Wörterbuch mit einer phonologischen und grammatischen Übersicht, Buske, →ISBN