König

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German[edit]

Etymology[edit]

PIE root
*ǵenh₁-

From Middle High German künec, from Old High German kuning (rarer kunig), from Proto-Germanic *kuningaz.[1] The development Old High German -ning → later -nig is regular (see Pfennig). Cognate with Old Dutch kuning (whence Dutch koning), Old English cyning (whence English king), Old Norse konungr (whence e.g. Danish konge). The word was borrowed into non-Germanic languages in Proto-Germanic times: Finnish and Estonian kuningas, Russian князь ‎(knjaz’).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈkøːnɪç/ (standard)
  • IPA(key): /ˈkøːnɪk/ (often in southern Germany, Austria, and Switzerland)
  • (file)

Noun[edit]

König m ‎(genitive Königs or Königes, plural Könige, feminine Königin)

  1. king (monarch, chess, card games)

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

Chess pieces in German · Schachfiguren, Schachsteine (layout · text)
♟ ♞ ♝ ♜ ♛ ♚
Bauer Springer, Pferd, Ross, Rössel Läufer Turm Dame, Königin König

Proper noun[edit]

König m, f ‎(genitive Königs)

  1. A common surname originating as a nickname.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "König" in Digitales Wörterbuch der deutschen Sprache

External links[edit]