kerajaan

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Brunei Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From ke- +‎ raja +‎ -an. Either cognate with or derived from Malay kerajaan

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /kə.ra.d͡ʒa.ʔan/
  • (contraction) IPA(key): /kra.d͡ʒa.ʔan/

Noun[edit]

kerajaan

  1. government of a country or state

Indonesian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Affixed ke- +‎ raja +‎ -an, from Malay kerajaan, from Classical Malay kerajaan (royal, become king).

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): [kəraˈd͡ʒaan]
  • Hyphenation: kê‧ra‧ja‧an

Noun[edit]

kêrajaan (first-person possessive kerajaanku, second-person possessive kerajaanmu, third-person possessive kerajaannya)

  1. kingdom
    1. A realm having a king and/or queen as its actual or nominal sovereign.
    2. (taxonomy) A rank in the classification of organisms, below domain and above phylum; a taxon at that rank
  2. (obsolete) kingship

Synonyms[edit]

  • (nation having monarch as supreme ruler) monarki

Derived terms[edit]

Verb[edit]

kêrajaan

  1. (obsolete) to become a king
    Jika ia kerajaan, tiada akan sempurna negeri ini.If he becomes a king, this nation will never be perfect.

Usage notes[edit]

The word is part of false friends between Standard Malay and Indonesian due to shared etymology. The Brunei, Malaysia and Singapore usage can be seen in Malay kerajaan.

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


Malay[edit]

Etymology[edit]

ke- +‎ raja +‎ -an

Noun[edit]

kerajaan (Jawi spelling کراجاءن‎, plural kerajaan-kerajaan, informal 1st possessive kerajaanku, impolite 2nd possessive kerajaanmu, 3rd possessive kerajaannya)

  1. (Brunei, Malaysia) government (an organisation which has the power to enact and legislate laws within its area of jurisdiction)
    Synonym: pemerintah
  2. kingdom

Usage notes[edit]

The word is part of false friends between Standard Malay and Indonesian due to shared etymology. The Indonesian usage can be seen in Indonesian kerajaan.

  • The government sense prevail in Malaysia and Brunei due to monarchic government.
  • In Singapore, foreign government can be referred as either kerajaan or pemerintah. However, Singaporean government always referred as pemerintah, which has no monarchic connotations.
  • In Indonesia, kerajaan has sense of kingdom only. Government always translated as pemerintah, which has no monarchic connotations.

Descendants[edit]

  • Indonesian: kerajaan

Further reading[edit]