choma

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See also: chôma

French[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Verb[edit]

choma

  1. third-person singular past historic of chomer

Japanese[edit]

Romanization[edit]

choma

  1. Rōmaji transcription of ちょま

Swahili[edit]

Noun[edit]

choma (needs class)

  1. burn (physical sensation in the muscles following strenuous exercise)

Verb[edit]

-choma (infinitive kuchoma)

  1. to burn
  2. to stab

Conjugation[edit]

Conjugation of -choma
Non-finite forms
Form Positive Negative
Infinitive kuchoma kutochoma
Simple finite forms
Positive form Singular Plural
Imperative choma chomeni
Habitual huchoma
Complex finite forms
Polarity Persons Persons / Classes Classes
1st 2nd 3rd / M-wa M-mi Ma Ki-vi N U Ku Pa Mu
Sg. Pl. Sg. Pl. Sg. / 1 Pl. / 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 / 14 15 / 17 16 18
Past
Positive nilichoma
nalichoma
tulichoma
twalichoma
ulichoma
walichoma
mlichoma
mwalichoma
alichoma walichoma ulichoma ilichoma lilichoma yalichoma kilichoma vilichoma ilichoma zilichoma ulichoma kulichoma palichoma mulichoma
Relative niliochoma
naliochoma
tuliochoma
twaliochoma
uliochoma
waliochoma
mliochoma
mwaliochoma
aliochoma waliochoma uliochoma iliochoma liliochoma yaliochoma kiliochoma viliochoma iliochoma ziliochoma uliochoma kuliochoma paliochoma muliochoma
Negative sikuchoma hatukuchoma hukuchoma hamkuchoma hakuchoma hawakuchoma haukuchoma haikuchoma halikuchoma hayakuchoma hakikuchoma havikuchoma haikuchoma hazikuchoma haukuchoma hakukuchoma hapakuchoma hamukuchoma
Present
Positive ninachoma
nachoma
tunachoma unachoma mnachoma anachoma wanachoma unachoma inachoma linachoma yanachoma kinachoma vinachoma inachoma zinachoma unachoma kunachoma panachoma munachoma
Relative ninaochoma
naochoma
tunaochoma unaochoma mnaochoma anaochoma wanaochoma unaochoma inaochoma linaochoma yanaochoma kinaochoma vinaochoma inaochoma zinaochoma unaochoma kunaochoma panaochoma munaochoma
Negative sichomi hatuchomi huchomi hamchomi hachomi hawachomi hauchomi haichomi halichomi hayachomi hakichomi havichomi haichomi hazichomi hauchomi hakuchomi hapachomi hamuchomi
Future
Positive nitachoma tutachoma utachoma mtachoma atachoma watachoma utachoma itachoma litachoma yatachoma kitachoma vitachoma itachoma zitachoma utachoma kutachoma patachoma mutachoma
Relative nitakaochoma tutakaochoma utakaochoma mtakaochoma atakaochoma watakaochoma utakaochoma itakaochoma litakaochoma yatakaochoma kitakaochoma vitakaochoma itakaochoma zitakaochoma utakaochoma kutakaochoma patakaochoma mutakaochoma
Negative sitachoma hatutachoma hutachoma hamtachoma hatachoma hawatachoma hautachoma haitachoma halitachoma hayatachoma hakitachoma havitachoma haitachoma hazitachoma hautachoma hakutachoma hapatachoma hamutachoma
Subjunctive
Positive nichome tuchome uchome mchome achome wachome uchome ichome lichome yachome kichome vichome ichome zichome uchome kuchome pachome muchome
Negative nisichome tusichome usichome msichome asichome wasichome usichome isichome lisichome yasichome kisichome visichome isichome zisichome usichome kusichome pasichome musichome
Present Conditional
Positive ningechoma tungechoma ungechoma mngechoma angechoma wangechoma ungechoma ingechoma lingechoma yangechoma kingechoma vingechoma ingechoma zingechoma ungechoma kungechoma pangechoma mungechoma
Negative nisingechoma
singechoma
tusingechoma
hatungechoma
usingechoma
hungechoma
msingechoma
hamngechoma
asingechoma
hangechoma
wasingechoma
hawangechoma
usingechoma
haungechoma
isingechoma
haingechoma
lisingechoma
halingechoma
yasingechoma
hayangechoma
kisingechoma
hakingechoma
visingechoma
havingechoma
isingechoma
haingechoma
zisingechoma
hazingechoma
usingechoma
haungechoma
kusingechoma
hakungechoma
pasingechoma
hapangechoma
musingechoma
hamungechoma
Past Conditional
Positive ningalichoma tungalichoma ungalichoma mngalichoma angalichoma wangalichoma ungalichoma ingalichoma lingalichoma yangalichoma kingalichoma vingalichoma ingalichoma zingalichoma ungalichoma kungalichoma pangalichoma mungalichoma
Negative nisingalichoma
singalichoma
tusingalichoma
hatungalichoma
usingalichoma
hungalichoma
msingalichoma
hamngalichoma
asingalichoma
hangalichoma
wasingalichoma
hawangalichoma
usingalichoma
haungalichoma
isingalichoma
haingalichoma
lisingalichoma
halingalichoma
yasingalichoma
hayangalichoma
kisingalichoma
hakingalichoma
visingalichoma
havingalichoma
isingalichoma
haingalichoma
zisingalichoma
hazingalichoma
usingalichoma
haungalichoma
kusingalichoma
hakungalichoma
pasingalichoma
hapangalichoma
musingalichoma
hamungalichoma
Conditional Contrary to Fact
Positive ningelichoma tungelichoma ungelichoma mngelichoma angelichoma wangelichoma ungelichoma ingelichoma lingelichoma yangelichoma kingelichoma vingelichoma ingelichoma zingelichoma ungelichoma kungelichoma pangelichoma mungelichoma
General Relative
Positive nichomao tuchomao uchomao mchomao achomao wachomao uchomao ichomao lichomao yachomao kichomao vichomao ichomao zichomao uchomao kuchomao pachomao muchomao
Negative nisiochoma tusiochoma usiochoma msiochoma asiochoma wasiochoma usiochoma isiochoma lisiochoma yasiochoma kisiochoma visiochoma isiochoma zisiochoma usiochoma kusiochoma pasiochoma musiochoma
Gnomic
Positive nachoma twachoma wachoma mwachoma achoma wachoma wachoma yachoma lachoma yachoma chachoma vyachoma yachoma zachoma wachoma kwachoma pachoma mwachoma
Perfect
Positive nimechoma tumechoma umechoma mmechoma amechoma wamechoma umechoma imechoma limechoma yamechoma kimechoma vimechoma imechoma zimechoma umechoma kumechoma pamechoma mumechoma
"Already"
Positive nimeshachoma tumeshachoma umeshachoma mmeshachoma ameshachoma wameshachoma umeshachoma imeshachoma limeshachoma yameshachoma kimeshachoma vimeshachoma imeshachoma zimeshachoma umeshachoma kumeshachoma pameshachoma mumeshachoma
"Not yet"
Negative sijachoma hatujachoma hujachoma hamjachoma hajachoma hawajachoma haujachoma haijachoma halijachoma hayajachoma hakijachoma havijachoma haijachoma hazijachoma haujachoma hakujachoma hapajachoma hamujachoma
"If/When"
Positive nikichoma tukichoma ukichoma mkichoma akichoma wakichoma ukichoma ikichoma likichoma yakichoma kikichoma vikichoma ikichoma zikichoma ukichoma kukichoma pakichoma mukichoma
"If not"
Negative nisipochoma tusipochoma usipochoma msipochoma asipochoma wasipochoma usipochoma isipochoma lisipochoma yasipochoma kisipochoma visipochoma isipochoma zisipochoma usipochoma kusipochoma pasipochoma musipochoma
Consecutive
Positive nikachoma tukachoma ukachoma mkachoma akachoma wakachoma ukachoma ikachoma likachoma yakachoma kikachoma vikachoma ikachoma zikachoma ukachoma kukachoma pakachoma mukachoma
Not all possible forms are listed in the table. Transitive verbs can take object concords, relative concords can agree with all noun classes, and many other forms not commonly seen in modern Standard Swahili are absent from the table. See Appendix:Swahili verbs for more information.

Derived terms[edit]