pecunia

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From pecu(cattle).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

pecūnia f ‎(genitive pecūniae); first declension

  1. money
    Si pecuniam haberem, panem emerem.
    If I had money, I would buy bread.
  2. wealth
  3. (figuratively) cash, ready money, liquid wealth

Inflection[edit]

First declension.

Case Singular Plural
nominative pecūnia pecūniae
genitive pecūniae pecūniārum
dative pecūniae pecūniīs
accusative pecūniam pecūniās
ablative pecūniā pecūniīs
vocative pecūnia pecūniae

Related terms[edit]

Descendants[edit]

References[edit]

  • pecunia in Charlton T. Lewis and Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • pecunia in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • PECUNIA in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette, s.v.pecunia”.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[3], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to contribute alms: stipem (pecuniam) conferre
    • to squander one's money, one's patrimony: effundere, profundere pecuniam, patrimonium
    • to leave money to a person in one's will: pecuniam alicui legare
    • much money: pecunia magna, grandis (multum pecuniae)
    • little money: pecunia exigua or tenuis
    • cash; ready money: pecunia praesens (vid. sect. V. 9, note Notice too...) or numerata
    • to spend money: pecuniam erogare (in classem)
    • to devote money to a purpose: pecuniam insumere in aliquid or consumere in aliqua re
    • to pay cash: pecuniam numerare alicui (Att. 16. 16)
    • to pay money: pecuniam solvere
    • to owe some one money: pecuniam alicui debere
    • to lend some one money (without interest): pecuniam alicui credere (sine fenore, usuris)
    • to lend, borrow money at interest: pecuniam fenori (fenore) alicui dare, accipere ab aliquo
    • to put out money at interest: pecuniam fenore occupare (Flacc. 21. 54)
    • to put money in an undertaking: pecuniam collocare in aliqua re
    • the money is bringing in no interest, lies idle: pecunia iacet otiosa
    • to borrow money from some one: pecuniam mutuari or sumere mutuam ab aliquo
    • to lend money to some one: pecuniam alicui mutuam dare
    • to repay a loan: pecuniam creditam solvere
    • to demand payment: pecuniam exigere (acerbe)
    • to have a large income from a thing (e.g. from mines): magnas pecunias ex aliqua re (e.g. ex metallis) facere
    • finance; money-matters: ratio pecuniarum
    • money is outstanding, unpaid: pecunia in nominibus est
    • I have money owing me: pecuniam in nominibus habeo
    • credit and financial position: fides et ratio pecuniarum
    • to have pecuniary difficulties: laborare de pecunia
    • to be reduced to extreme financial embarrassment: in maximas angustias (pecuniae) adduci
    • to extort money from the communities: pecuniam cogere a civitatibus
    • the public income from the mines: pecunia publica, quae ex metallis redit
    • to embezzle money: avertere pecuniam (Verr. 2. 1. 4)
    • to accuse some one of malversation, embezzlement of public money: accusare aliquem peculatus, pecuniae publicae
    • to condemn some one to a fine: pecunia multare aliquem
  • pecunia in Harry Thurston Peck, editor (1898) Harper's Dictionary of Classical Antiquities, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • pecunia in William Smith et al., editor (1890) A Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities, London: William Wayte. G. E. Marindin