perhe

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Finnish[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Through metathesis from Proto-Finnic *pereh, probably derived from *perä (rear), referring to the background of a person (compare alkuperä (origin), peräisin (originating from), perehtyä). First written appearance is from 1548 in the Finnish version of Sweden's maanlaki (law of the country) translated by a cleric known as Herra Martti.

Cognate with Estonian pere, Karelian pereh, Livonian perē, Veps pereh and Võro pereh.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈperheˣ/, [ˈpe̞rhe̞(ʔ)]
  • Rhymes: -erhe
  • Syllabification: per‧he

Noun[edit]

perhe

  1. family, nuclear family (parents and children, cf. suku)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of perhe (Kotus type 48/hame, no gradation)
nominative perhe perheet
genitive perheen perheiden
perheitten
partitive perhettä perheitä
illative perheeseen perheisiin
perheihin
singular plural
nominative perhe perheet
accusative nom. perhe perheet
gen. perheen
genitive perheen perheiden
perheitten
partitive perhettä perheitä
inessive perheessä perheissä
elative perheestä perheistä
illative perheeseen perheisiin
perheihin
adessive perheellä perheillä
ablative perheeltä perheiltä
allative perheelle perheille
essive perheenä perheinä
translative perheeksi perheiksi
instructive perhein
abessive perheettä perheittä
comitative perheineen
Possessive forms of perhe (type hame)
possessor singular plural
1st person perheeni perheemme
2nd person perheesi perheenne
3rd person perheensä

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]