classis

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English[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Latin.

Noun[edit]

classis ‎(plural classes)

  1. (obsolete) A class or order; sort; kind.
    • Clarendon
      His opinion of that classis of men.
  2. (obsolete, religion) An ecclesiastical body or judicatory in certain churches, such as the Reformed Dutch. It is intermediate between the consistory and the synod, and corresponds to the presbytery in the Presbyterian church.
    • 1982, Keith L. Sprunger, Dutch Puritanism
      At Utrecht and Breda there was strong pressure from the Dutch Reformed Church to exclude from employment British preachers who refused to take membership in the classis.

Part or all of this entry has been imported from the 1913 edition of Webster’s Dictionary, which is now free of copyright and hence in the public domain. The imported definitions may be significantly out of date, and any more recent senses may be completely missing.


Latin[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Indo-European *kelh₁- ‎(to call, shout). Cognate with Latin calō, clāmō, clārus, concilium, Ancient Greek καλέω ‎(kaléō).

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

classis f ‎(genitive classis); third declension

  1. any one of the five divisions into which Servius Tullius divided the Roman citizenry
  2. the armed forces
  3. fleet
  4. a group, rank, or class

Inflection[edit]

Third declension, alternative ablative singular in and accusative plural in -īs.

Case Singular Plural
nominative classis classēs
genitive classis classium
dative classī classibus
accusative classem classēs
classīs
ablative classe
classī
classibus
vocative classis classēs

References[edit]

  • classis in Charlton T. Lewis & Charles Short (1879) A Latin Dictionary, Oxford: Clarendon Press
  • classis in Charlton T. Lewis (1891) An Elementary Latin Dictionary, New York: Harper & Brothers
  • CLASSIS in Charles du Fresne du Cange’s Glossarium Mediæ et Infimæ Latinitatis (augmented edition, 1883–1887)
  • classis in Félix Gaffiot (1934), Dictionnaire Illustré Latin-Français, Paris: Hachette.
  • Meissner, Carl; Auden, Henry William (1894) Latin Phrase-Book[1], London: Macmillan and Co.
    • to spend money: pecuniam erogare (in classem)
    • to build a ship, a fleet: navem, classem aedificare, facere, efficere, instituere
    • to equip a boat, a fleet: navem (classem) armare, ornare, instruere
    • to make fast boats to anchors: naves (classem) constituere (in alto)
    • to sink a ship, a fleet: navem, classem deprimere, mergere
    • the fleets charge: classes concurrunt (Liv. 26. 39)
  • classis” in Ramminger, Johann (accessed 16 July 2016) Neulateinische Wortliste: Ein Wörterbuch des Lateinischen von Petrarca bis 1700[2], pre-publication website, 2005-2016
  • classis in Richard Stillwell et al., editor (1976) The Princeton Encyclopedia of Classical Sites, Princeton, N.J.: Princeton University Press