koks

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See also: Koks and köks

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from German Koks from English cokes.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks m

  1. coke (solid residue from roasting coal in a coke oven)
  2. (informal, slang) cocaine

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ koks in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, electronic version, Leda, 2007

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks c

  1. genitive singular indefinite of kok

Icelandic[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks n (genitive singular koks, no plural)

  1. coke

Declension[edit]


Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 koks on Latvian Wikipedia

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *kuok-, from Proto-Indo-European *kowk-, *kewk-, *kūk-, from the stem *kew- (to bend, to be bent). Meaning at first “bent wood, branch, stick,” it soon became “wood, tree.” It competed with mežs (< *medis), the original term for “wood, tree,” which soon acquired the meaning of “forest.” The original “branch, stick” meaning of koks can still be occasionally found (see below). Cognates include Lithuanian kúoka (stick with thick end, pounder, pestle), kúokas (stick with thick end; thick end of a stick; tuber; mace, club), kukà (stick), Bulgarian кука (kuka, spike, peg, wedge, hook, handle).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

koks m (1st declension)

  1. tree (perennial plant with woody stem or trunk, foliage, and roots)
    augļu kokifruit trees
    koku lapotnetree foliage
    koku pudurisclump of trees
    jauktu koku mežsmixed tree forest
    koki šalc vējāthe trees rustle in the wind
    nokaltis kokswithered tree
    kails koksnaked, bald (= leafless) tree
    zaļš koksgreen tree (i.e., with leaves)
    apsūnojis koksmossy tree
    simtgadīgs kokscentenarian tree
    lapu koksdeciduous (lit. leaf) tree
    skuju koksconnifer (lit. needle 'tree)
    zāģēt, cirst kokusto saw, to axe trees
    koku tārpitree worms
    viens kā koksalone as a tree (= very lonely)
  2. timber (felled trees seen as a substance)
    Intas tēvs jau toreiz strādāja uz upes pie koku pludināšanasInta's father at that time already worked at timber floating (log driving) on the river
    kalējs sāka vest kokus smēdeithe blacksmith began to bring timber, wood to the forge
    koku dārzstimber corral (an enclosure for floating timber on a watercourse)
  3. logs, boards, planks
    grāvis uzplūdis, tiltiņam divi koki iznestithe ditch flooded, two logs (were) taken to the little bridge
  4. wood (timber seen as material for making things)
    koka ēkawooden building
    koka karotewooden spoon
    koka tupeleswooden shoes
    koka rotaļlietaswooden toys
    vecmodīga koka gultaold-fashioned wooden bed
  5. club, stick, rod (e.g., for hitting)
    skatos pēc kāda koka; kreisā roka man brīva, varētu šakāļus aizdzītI look at some stick: (my) left arm is free, I could drive the shackals away
    viņš saņēmis par to kokusfor this reason he took the sticks (= he was given corporal physical punishment)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “koks”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kóks m (feminine kokià)


  1. what, which; what kind

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kóks

  1. what, which

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:
Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks m inan

  1. coke (solid residue from roasting coal in a coke oven)
  2. (colloquial, sports) doping, especially anabolic steroids
  3. (slang) powder cocaine

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks m anim

  1. (slang, derogatory) a bodybuilder, especially one that uses steroids

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]