koks

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See also: Koks

Czech[edit]

Etymology[edit]

Borrowing from German Koks from English cokes.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks m

  1. coke (solid residue from roasting coal in a coke oven)
  2. (informal, slang) cocaine

Declension[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ koks in Jiří Rejzek, Český etymologický slovník, Leda, 2007

Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks c

  1. genitive singular indefinite of kok

Icelandic[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks n

  1. coke

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 Koks on Latvian Wikipedia

Wikipedia lv

Koki

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *kuok-,, from Proto-Indo-European *kowk-, *kewk-, *kūk-, from the stem *kew- (to bend, to be bent). Meaning at first “bent wood, branch, stick,” it soon became “wood, tree.” It competed with mežs (< *medis), the original term for “wood, tree,” which soon acquired the meaning of “forest.” The original “branch, stick” meaning of koks can still be occasionally found (see below). Cognates include Lithuanian kúoka (stick with thick end, pounder, pestle), kúokas (stick with thick end; thick end of a stick; tuber; mace, club), kukà (stick), Bulgarian кука (kuka, spike, peg, wedge, hook, handle).[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks m (1st declension)

  1. tree (perennial plant with woody stem or trunk, foliage, and roots)
    augļu koki — fruit trees
    koku lapotnetree foliage
    koku puduris — clump of trees
    jauktu koku mežs — mixed tree forest
    koki šalc vējā — the trees rustle in the wind
    nokaltis koks — withered tree
    kails koks — naked, bald (= leafless) tree
    zaļš koks — green tree (i.e., with leaves)
    apsūnojis koks — mossy tree
    simtgadīgs koks — centenarian tree
    lapu koks — deciduous (lit. leaf) tree
    skuju koks — connifer (lit. needle 'tree)
    zāģēt, cirst kokus — to saw, to axe trees
    koku tārpitree worms
    viens kā koks — alone as a tree (= very lonely)
  2. timber (felled trees seen as a substance)
    Intas tēvs jau toreiz strādāja uz upes pie koku pludināšanas — Inta's father at that time already worked at timber floating (log driving) on the river
    kalējs sāka vest kokus smēdei — the blacksmith began to bring timber, wood to the forge
    koku dārzstimber corral (an enclosure for floating timber on a watercourse)
  3. logs, boards, planks
    grāvis uzplūdis, tiltiņam divi koki iznesti — the ditch flooded, two logs (were) taken to the little bridge
  4. wood (timber seen as material for making things)
    koka ēkawooden building
    koka karotewooden spoon
    koka tupeleswooden shoes
    koka rotaļlietaswooden toys
    vecmodīga koka gulta — old-fashioned wooden bed
  5. club, stick, rod (e.g., for hitting)
    skatos pēc kāda koka; kreisā roka man brīva, varētu šakāļus aizdzīt — I look at some stick: (my) left arm is free, I could drive the shackals away
    viņš saņēmis par to kokus — for this reason he took the sticks (= he was given corporal physical punishment)

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ “koks” in Konstantīns Karulis (1992, 2001), Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca, in 2 vols, Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7

Lithuanian[edit]

Pronunciation[edit]

Adjective[edit]

kóks m (feminine kokià)

  1. what, which; what kind

Declension[edit]

Pronoun[edit]

kóks

  1. what, which

Declension[edit]

See also[edit]


Polish[edit]

Polish Wikipedia has an article on:

Wikipedia pl

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks m inan

  1. coke (solid residue from roasting coal in a coke oven)
  2. (colloquial, sports) doping, especially anabolic steroids
  3. (slang) powder cocaine

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]

Noun[edit]

koks m anim

  1. (slang, derogatory) a bodybuilder, especially one that uses steroids

Declension[edit]

Synonyms[edit]