mežs

Definition from Wiktionary, the free dictionary
Jump to: navigation, search

Latgalian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *medya-s and *medis (genitive *meža, also yielding *meža-s by analogy), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰi-, *medʰyo- (middle; in-between).

Noun[edit]

mežs

  1. forest

Latvian[edit]

Wikipedia-logo.png
 mežs on Latvian Wikipedia
Mežs

Etymology[edit]

From earlier *mežas, from parallel forms Proto-Baltic *medya-s and *medis (genitive *meža, also yielding *meža-s by analogy), from Proto-Indo-European *medʰi-, *medʰyo- (middle; in-between). The original meaning was “(that which is) in the middle, in-between” > “forest” (since long ago villages were like little islands between stretches of forest, “what is between (villages)” = “forest”). Cognates include Lithuanian mẽdis (tree, wood), dialectal mẽdžias (tree, forest), Old Prussian median (forest), Sudovian mejdo (tree) (< *mēdo), Proto-Slavic *medya, *medyu (Russian межа́ (mežá, balk, unplowed strip of land; border; (dial.) little forest), ме́жду (méždu, between, in-between), Belarusian, Ukrainian межа́ (mežá, balk; border; line), Bulgarian межда́ (meždá), Czech mez, Polish miedza (balk; border)), Old Irish mide (middle), Gothic 𐌼𐌹𐌳𐌾𐌹𐍃 (midjis), Old High German mitti, German Mitte, English middle, Ancient Greek μέσος (mésos), Latin medius. [1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

mežs m (1st declension)

  1. forest (dense collection of trees and bushes on a stretch of land)
    priežu, egļu mežspine, fir forest
    stādīt mežuto plant a forest
    meža zemenesforest (= wild) strawberries
    meža zvēriforest (= wild) animals
    meža fauna, floraforest fauna, flora
    meža pļavaforest meadow
    meža klajumsforest clearing
    meža cirtējs, mežcirtējslogger (lit. forest chopper)
    meža ugunsgrēksforest fire
    meža aizsardzībaforest protection
    mežā aug koki, krūmi un zem tiem dažādi sīki augiin the forest trees and bushes grow, and under them (also) several (kinds of) small plants

Declension[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

Related terms[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “mežs”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7