zars

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Danish[edit]

Noun[edit]

zars c

  1. genitive singular indefinite of zar

Latvian[edit]

Koku zari
Grābekļa zari
Ķemmes zari

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Baltic *žer-, *žar-, from Proto-Indo-European *ǵʰer- (to beam, to shine, to glitter), apparently from an older meaning “beam, branch” (compare *gʰer- (to have protrusions)) conserved in Latvian. Cognates include Lithuanian dialectal žarà, žãras (branch, stem, trunk), Old Prussian sari ([zari], heat), Old Church Slavonic заря (zarja), зоря (zarja, zorja, dawn, dusk), Russian заря (zarja), зоря (zarjá, zorjá), dialectal also “flower, grass, plant,” Bulgarian зора (zora), заря (zorá, zarjá), Czech zaře, zoře, zora, Polish zorza, archaic zarza.[1]

Pronunciation[edit]

(file)

Noun[edit]

zars m (1st declension)

  1. branch, twig, spray (part of a plant that grows from the stem or trunk and usually connects it with the leaves; this part together with its leaves and flowers)
    ozola, bērza, palmas zars‎ ― oak, birch, palm branch
    priežu zari‎ ― pine branches
    zaļš egles zars‎ ― green spruce branch
    ziedošs ceriņa zars‎ ― flowering spray of lilac
    kupls zars‎ ― leafy, leaf-covered branch
    kaili zari‎ ― naked (i.e., leafless) branches
    aizdedzināt kadiķa zaru‎ ― to burn a juniper twig
    mest zarus ugunskurā‎ ― to throw branches in the fire
    putns uzmetas uz zara‎ ― a bird alighted on a branch
    lapas birst no koku zariem‎ ― leaves fall off tree branches
    izzāģēt kokiem sausos zarus‎ ― to cut a tree's dry branches off
  2. tine, prong, teeth (pointed branching elements in a tool)
    grābekļa, dakšu zari‎ ― rake, fork tines, prongs
    ķemmes zari‎ ― comb teeth
    izlauzt, ielikt grābeklim zaru‎ ― to break, to set a rake tine
  3. branch (longitudinally branching part of a whole)
    viens Daugavas zars‎ ― one branch of the Daugava (river)
    Valdgales stacijā sliežu ceļš sadalās trijos zaros‎ ― at Valdagle station the train tracks split off in three branches
  4. branch (subgroup, split-off group)
    protestanti dalījās trīs galvenajos zaros: luterāņos, kalvinistos un anglikāņos‎ ― the Protestants split into three major branches: Lutherans, Calvinists and Anglicans
  5. branch (part of a family tree)
    straumēnu radniecības koks bija liels, un visos apkārtējos pagastos iespiedās tā zari‎ ― the Straumens family tree was big, its branches pushed into all the surrounding parishes

Declension[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Karulis, Konstantīns (1992), “zars”, in Latviešu Etimoloģijas Vārdnīca (in Latvian), Rīga: AVOTS, ISBN 9984-700-12-7