hiili

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Finnish[edit]

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Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *hiili, of unknown further origin.

Pronunciation[edit]

  • IPA(key): /ˈhiːli/, [ˈhiːli]
  • Rhymes: -iːli
  • Syllabification: hii‧li

Noun[edit]

chemical element
C Previous: boori
Next: typpi

hiili

  1. charcoal, coal (partially burnt, carbonized wood)
  2. cinder, coal (piece of coal)
  3. coal (fossil fuel)
    Synonym: kivihiili
  4. (chemistry) carbon (chemical element)

Declension[edit]

Inflection of hiili (Kotus type 24/uni, no gradation)
nominative hiili hiilet
genitive hiilen hiilien
hiilten
partitive hiiltä hiiliä
illative hiileen hiiliin
singular plural
nominative hiili hiilet
accusative nom. hiili hiilet
gen. hiilen
genitive hiilen hiilien
hiilten
partitive hiiltä hiiliä
inessive hiilessä hiilissä
elative hiilestä hiilistä
illative hiileen hiiliin
adessive hiilellä hiilillä
ablative hiileltä hiililtä
allative hiilelle hiilille
essive hiilenä hiilinä
translative hiileksi hiiliksi
instructive hiilin
abessive hiilettä hiilittä
comitative hiilineen
Possessive forms of hiili (type uni)
possessor singular plural
1st person hiileni hiilemme
2nd person hiilesi hiilenne
3rd person hiilensä

Synonyms[edit]

Derived terms[edit]

See also[edit]


Ingrian[edit]

Hiiltä.

Etymology[edit]

From Proto-Finnic *hiili. Cognates include Finnish hiili and Veps hil'.

Pronunciation[edit]

Noun[edit]

hiili (genitive hiilen, partitive hiiltä)

  1. coal
    • 1936, N. A. Iljin and V. I. Junus, Bukvari iƶoroin șkouluja vart, Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 59:
      Hiilest tehtii suuret silmät, lumipampust pität korvat.
      Out of coal large eyes were made, out of snowballs long ears.

Declension[edit]

Declension of hiili (type 5/keeli, no gradation)
singular plural
nominative hiili hiilet
genitive hiilen hiiliin
partitive hiiltä hiiliä
illative hiilee hiilii
inessive hiilees hiiliis
elative hiilest hiilist
allative hiilelle hiilille
adessive hiileel hiiliil
ablative hiilelt hiililt
translative hiileks hiiliks
essive hiilennä,
hiileen
hiilinnä,
hiiliin
exessive1) hiilent hiilint
1) obsolete
*) the accusative corresponds with either the genitive (sg) or nominative (pl)
**) the comitative is formed by adding the suffix -ka? or -kä? to the genitive.

References[edit]

  • V. I. Junus (1936) Iƶoran Keelen Grammatikka[1], Leningrad: Riikin Ucebno-pedagogiceskoi Izdateljstva, page 62
  • Ruben E. Nirvi (1971) Inkeroismurteiden Sanakirja, Helsinki: Suomalais-Ugrilainen Seura, page 63

Karelian[edit]

Etymology[edit]

(This etymology is missing or incomplete. Please add to it, or discuss it at the Etymology scriptorium.)

Noun[edit]

hiili (genitive hiilen, partitive hiildy)

  1. coal