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Alternative forms[edit]

  • burg (now chiefly in names)


From Middle Dutch burch, from Old Dutch *burg, from Proto-West Germanic *burg, from Proto-Germanic *burgz, from Proto-Indo-European *bʰerǵʰ- (fortified elevation). The final -t is seemingly random, but not unheard of; such "paragogic" extensions occur occasionally in Dutch following a fricative or liquid word-final consonant. Compare for example hulst, kroost, rijst and arend.

Cognate with German Burg, English borough, -bury, burrow, Danish borg.

For sense two, compare English burrow.



burcht m or f (plural burchten, diminutive burchtje n)

  1. citadel, castle, borough
    Synonyms: citadel, kasteel, sterkte
  2. burrow of a badger, fox or beaver

Derived terms[edit]